5.6. Creating Distributed Replicated Volumes

Use distributed replicated volumes in environments where the requirement to scale storage, and high-reliability is critical. Distributed replicated volumes also offer improved read performance in most environments.


The number of bricks must be a multiple of the replica count for a distributed replicated volume. Also, the order in which bricks are specified has a great effect on data protection. Each replica_count consecutive bricks in the list you give will form a replica set, with all replica sets combined into a distribute set. To ensure that replica-set members are not placed on the same node, list the first brick on every server, then the second brick on every server in the same order, and so on.

5.6.1. Creating Three-way Distributed Replicated Volumes

Three-way distributed replicated volume distributes and creates three copies of files across multiple bricks in the volume. The number of bricks must be equal to the replica count for a replicated volume. To protect against server and disk failures, it is recommended that the bricks of the volume are from different servers.
Synchronous three-way distributed replication is now fully supported in Red Hat Gluster Storage. It is recommended that three-way distributed replicated volumes use JBOD, but use of hardware RAID with three-way distributed replicated volumes is also supported.
Illustration of a Three-way Distributed Replicated Volume

Figure 5.3. Illustration of a Three-way Distributed Replicated Volume

Creating three-way distributed replicated volumes
  1. Run the gluster volume create command to create the distributed replicated volume.
    The syntax is # gluster volume create NEW-VOLNAME [replica COUNT] [transport tcp | rdma (Deprecated) | tcp,rdma] NEW-BRICK...
    The default value for transport is tcp. Other options can be passed such as auth.allow or auth.reject. See Section 11.1, “Configuring Volume Options” for a full list of parameters.

    Example 5.5. Six Node Distributed Replicated Volume with a Three-way Replication

    The order in which bricks are specified determines how bricks are replicated with each other. For example, first 3 bricks, where 3 is the replica count forms a replicate set.
    # gluster v create glustervol replica 3 transport tcp server1:/rhgs/brick1 server2:/rhgs/brick1 server3:/rhgs/brick1 server4:/rhgs/brick1 server5:/rhgs/brick1 server6:/rhgs/brick1
    volume create: glutervol: success: please start the volume to access data
  2. Run # gluster volume start VOLNAME to start the volume.
    # gluster v start glustervol
    volume start: glustervol: success
  3. Run gluster volume info command to optionally display the volume information.


By default, the client-side quorum is enabled on three-way distributed replicated volumes. You must also set server-side quorum on the distributed-replicated volumes to prevent split-brain scenarios. For more information on setting quorums, see Section 11.15.1, “Preventing Split-brain”.