Chapter 272. Scheduler Component

Available as of Camel version 2.15

The scheduler: component is used to generate message exchanges when a scheduler fires. This component is similar to the  Timer component, but it offers more functionality in terms of scheduling. Also this component uses JDK ScheduledExecutorService. Where as the timer uses a JDK Timer.

You can only consume events from this endpoint.

272.1. URI format

scheduler:name[?options]

Where name is the name of the scheduler, which is created and shared across endpoints. So if you use the same name for all your timer endpoints, only one scheduler thread pool and thread will be used - but you can configure the thread pool to allow more concurrent threads.

You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&…​

Note: The IN body of the generated exchange is null. So exchange.getIn().getBody() returns null.

272.2. Options

The Scheduler component supports 2 options which are listed below.

NameDescriptionDefaultType

concurrentTasks (scheduler)

Number of threads used by the scheduling thread pool. Is by default using a single thread

1

int

resolveProperty Placeholders (advanced)

Whether the component should resolve property placeholders on itself when starting. Only properties which are of String type can use property placeholders.

true

boolean

The Scheduler endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

scheduler:name

with the following path and query parameters:

272.2.1. Path Parameters (1 parameters):

NameDescriptionDefaultType

name

Required The name of the scheduler

 

String

272.2.2. Query Parameters (20 parameters):

NameDescriptionDefaultType

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN/ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

sendEmptyMessageWhenIdle (consumer)

If the polling consumer did not poll any files, you can enable this option to send an empty message (no body) instead.

false

boolean

exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this options is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN/ERROR level and ignored.

 

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the default exchange pattern when creating an exchange.

 

ExchangePattern

pollStrategy (consumer)

A pluggable org.apache.camel.PollingConsumerPollingStrategy allowing you to provide your custom implementation to control error handling usually occurred during the poll operation before an Exchange have been created and being routed in Camel. In other words the error occurred while the polling was gathering information, for instance access to a file network failed so Camel cannot access it to scan for files. The default implementation will log the caused exception at WARN level and ignore it.

 

PollingConsumerPoll Strategy

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

backoffErrorThreshold (scheduler)

The number of subsequent error polls (failed due some error) that should happen before the backoffMultipler should kick-in.

 

int

backoffIdleThreshold (scheduler)

The number of subsequent idle polls that should happen before the backoffMultipler should kick-in.

 

int

backoffMultiplier (scheduler)

To let the scheduled polling consumer backoff if there has been a number of subsequent idles/errors in a row. The multiplier is then the number of polls that will be skipped before the next actual attempt is happening again. When this option is in use then backoffIdleThreshold and/or backoffErrorThreshold must also be configured.

 

int

concurrentTasks (scheduler)

Number of threads used by the scheduling thread pool. Is by default using a single thread

1

int

delay (scheduler)

Milliseconds before the next poll. The default value is 500. You can also specify time values using units, such as 60s (60 seconds), 5m30s (5 minutes and 30 seconds), and 1h (1 hour).

500

long

greedy (scheduler)

If greedy is enabled, then the ScheduledPollConsumer will run immediately again, if the previous run polled 1 or more messages.

false

boolean

initialDelay (scheduler)

Milliseconds before the first poll starts. The default value is 1000. You can also specify time values using units, such as 60s (60 seconds), 5m30s (5 minutes and 30 seconds), and 1h (1 hour).

1000

long

runLoggingLevel (scheduler)

The consumer logs a start/complete log line when it polls. This option allows you to configure the logging level for that.

TRACE

LoggingLevel

scheduledExecutorService (scheduler)

Allows for configuring a custom/shared thread pool to use for the consumer. By default each consumer has its own single threaded thread pool. This option allows you to share a thread pool among multiple consumers.

 

ScheduledExecutor Service

scheduler (scheduler)

Allow to plugin a custom org.apache.camel.spi.ScheduledPollConsumerScheduler to use as the scheduler for firing when the polling consumer runs. The default implementation uses the ScheduledExecutorService and there is a Quartz2, and Spring based which supports CRON expressions. Notice: If using a custom scheduler then the options for initialDelay, useFixedDelay, timeUnit, and scheduledExecutorService may not be in use. Use the text quartz2 to refer to use the Quartz2 scheduler; and use the text spring to use the Spring based; and use the text myScheduler to refer to a custom scheduler by its id in the Registry. See Quartz2 page for an example.

none

ScheduledPollConsumer Scheduler

schedulerProperties (scheduler)

To configure additional properties when using a custom scheduler or any of the Quartz2, Spring based scheduler.

 

Map

startScheduler (scheduler)

Whether the scheduler should be auto started.

true

boolean

timeUnit (scheduler)

Time unit for initialDelay and delay options.

MILLISECONDS

TimeUnit

useFixedDelay (scheduler)

Controls if fixed delay or fixed rate is used. See ScheduledExecutorService in JDK for details.

true

boolean

272.3. More information

This component is a scheduler Polling Consumer where you can find more information about the options above, and examples at the Polling Consumer page.

272.4. Exchange Properties

When the timer is fired, it adds the following information as properties to the Exchange:

NameTypeDescription

Exchange.TIMER_NAME

String

The value of the name option.

Exchange.TIMER_FIRED_TIME

Date

The time when the consumer fired.

272.5. Sample

To set up a route that generates an event every 60 seconds:

from("scheduler://foo?period=60s").to("bean:myBean?method=someMethodName");

The above route will generate an event and then invoke the someMethodName method on the bean called myBean in the Registry such as JNDI or Spring.

And the route in Spring DSL:

<route>
  <from uri="scheduler://foo?period=60s"/>
  <to uri="bean:myBean?method=someMethodName"/>
</route>

272.6. Forcing the scheduler to trigger immediately when completed

To let the scheduler trigger as soon as the previous task is complete, you can set the option greedy=true. But beware then the scheduler will keep firing all the time. So use this with caution.

272.7. Forcing the scheduler to be idle

There can be use cases where you want the scheduler to trigger and be greedy. But sometimes you want "tell the scheduler" that there was no task to poll, so the scheduler can change into idle mode using the backoff options. To do this you would need to set a property on the exchange with the key Exchange.SCHEDULER_POLLED_MESSAGES to a boolean value of false. This will cause the consumer to indicate that there was no messages polled. 

The consumer will otherwise as by default return 1 message polled to the scheduler, every time the consumer has completed processing the exchange.

272.8. See Also