Chapter 267. RSS Component

Available as of Camel version 2.0

The rss: component is used for polling RSS feeds. Camel will default poll the feed every 60th seconds.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-rss</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

Note: The component currently only supports polling (consuming) feeds.

Note

Camel-rss internally uses a patched version of ROME hosted on ServiceMix to solve some OSGi class loading issues.

267.1. URI format

rss:rssUri

Where rssUri is the URI to the RSS feed to poll.

You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&…​

267.2. Options

The RSS component has no options.

The RSS endpoint is configured using URI syntax:

rss:feedUri

with the following path and query parameters:

267.2.1. Path Parameters (1 parameters):

NameDescriptionDefaultType

feedUri

Required The URI to the feed to poll.

 

String

267.2.2. Query Parameters (27 parameters):

NameDescriptionDefaultType

bridgeErrorHandler (consumer)

Allows for bridging the consumer to the Camel routing Error Handler, which mean any exceptions occurred while the consumer is trying to pickup incoming messages, or the likes, will now be processed as a message and handled by the routing Error Handler. By default the consumer will use the org.apache.camel.spi.ExceptionHandler to deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

false

boolean

feedHeader (consumer)

Sets whether to add the feed object as a header

true

boolean

filter (consumer)

Sets whether to use filtering or not of the entries.

true

boolean

lastUpdate (consumer)

Sets the timestamp to be used for filtering entries from the atom feeds. This options is only in conjunction with the splitEntries.

 

Date

password (consumer)

Sets the password to be used for basic authentication when polling from a HTTP feed

 

String

sendEmptyMessageWhenIdle (consumer)

If the polling consumer did not poll any files, you can enable this option to send an empty message (no body) instead.

false

boolean

sortEntries (consumer)

Sets whether to sort entries by published date. Only works when splitEntries = true.

false

boolean

splitEntries (consumer)

Sets whether or not entries should be sent individually or whether the entire feed should be sent as a single message

true

boolean

throttleEntries (consumer)

Sets whether all entries identified in a single feed poll should be delivered immediately. If true, only one entry is processed per consumer.delay. Only applicable when splitEntries = true.

true

boolean

username (consumer)

Sets the username to be used for basic authentication when polling from a HTTP feed

 

String

exceptionHandler (consumer)

To let the consumer use a custom ExceptionHandler. Notice if the option bridgeErrorHandler is enabled then this options is not in use. By default the consumer will deal with exceptions, that will be logged at WARN or ERROR level and ignored.

 

ExceptionHandler

exchangePattern (consumer)

Sets the exchange pattern when the consumer creates an exchange.

 

ExchangePattern

pollStrategy (consumer)

A pluggable org.apache.camel.PollingConsumerPollingStrategy allowing you to provide your custom implementation to control error handling usually occurred during the poll operation before an Exchange have been created and being routed in Camel.

 

PollingConsumerPoll Strategy

synchronous (advanced)

Sets whether synchronous processing should be strictly used, or Camel is allowed to use asynchronous processing (if supported).

false

boolean

backoffErrorThreshold (scheduler)

The number of subsequent error polls (failed due some error) that should happen before the backoffMultipler should kick-in.

 

int

backoffIdleThreshold (scheduler)

The number of subsequent idle polls that should happen before the backoffMultipler should kick-in.

 

int

backoffMultiplier (scheduler)

To let the scheduled polling consumer backoff if there has been a number of subsequent idles/errors in a row. The multiplier is then the number of polls that will be skipped before the next actual attempt is happening again. When this option is in use then backoffIdleThreshold and/or backoffErrorThreshold must also be configured.

 

int

delay (scheduler)

Milliseconds before the next poll. You can also specify time values using units, such as 60s (60 seconds), 5m30s (5 minutes and 30 seconds), and 1h (1 hour).

500

long

greedy (scheduler)

If greedy is enabled, then the ScheduledPollConsumer will run immediately again, if the previous run polled 1 or more messages.

false

boolean

initialDelay (scheduler)

Milliseconds before the first poll starts. You can also specify time values using units, such as 60s (60 seconds), 5m30s (5 minutes and 30 seconds), and 1h (1 hour).

1000

long

runLoggingLevel (scheduler)

The consumer logs a start/complete log line when it polls. This option allows you to configure the logging level for that.

TRACE

LoggingLevel

scheduledExecutorService (scheduler)

Allows for configuring a custom/shared thread pool to use for the consumer. By default each consumer has its own single threaded thread pool.

 

ScheduledExecutor Service

scheduler (scheduler)

To use a cron scheduler from either camel-spring or camel-quartz2 component

none

ScheduledPollConsumer Scheduler

schedulerProperties (scheduler)

To configure additional properties when using a custom scheduler or any of the Quartz2, Spring based scheduler.

 

Map

startScheduler (scheduler)

Whether the scheduler should be auto started.

true

boolean

timeUnit (scheduler)

Time unit for initialDelay and delay options.

MILLISECONDS

TimeUnit

useFixedDelay (scheduler)

Controls if fixed delay or fixed rate is used. See ScheduledExecutorService in JDK for details.

true

boolean

267.3. Exchange data types

Camel initializes the In body on the Exchange with a ROME SyndFeed. Depending on the value of the splitEntries flag, Camel returns either a SyndFeed with one SyndEntry or a java.util.List of SyndEntrys.

OptionValueBehavior

splitEntries

true

A single entry from the current feed is set in the exchange.

splitEntries

false

The entire list of entries from the current feed is set in the exchange.

267.4. Message Headers

HeaderDescription

CamelRssFeed

The entire SyncFeed object.

267.5. RSS Dataformat

The RSS component ships with an RSS dataformat that can be used to convert between String (as XML) and ROME RSS model objects.

  • marshal = from ROME SyndFeed to XML String
  • unmarshal = from XML String to ROME SyndFeed

A route using the RSS dataformat will look like this: from("rss:file:src/test/data/rss20.xml?splitEntries=false&consumer.delay=1000").marshal().rss().to("mock:marshal");

The purpose of this feature is to make it possible to use Camel’s built-in expressions for manipulating RSS messages. As shown below, an XPath expression can be used to filter the RSS message. In the following example, on ly entries with Camel in the title will get through the filter.

`from("rss:file:src/test/data/rss20.xml?splitEntries=true&consumer.delay=100").marshal().rss().filter().xpath("//item/title[contains(.,'Camel')]").to("mock:result");`
Tip

Query parameters If the URL for the RSS feed uses query parameters, this component will resolve them. For example if the feed uses alt=rss, then the following example will be resolved: from("rss:http://someserver.com/feeds/posts/default?alt=rss&splitEntries=false&consumer.delay=1000").to("bean:rss");

267.6. Filtering entries

You can filter out entries using XPath, as shown in the data format section above. You can also exploit Camel’s Bean Integration to implement your own conditions. For instance, a filter equivalent to the XPath example above would be:

from("rss:file:src/test/data/rss20.xml?splitEntries=true&consumer.delay=100"). filter().method("myFilterBean", "titleContainsCamel").to("mock:result");

The custom bean for this would be:

public static class FilterBean {
       public boolean titleContainsCamel(@Body SyndFeed feed) {
           SyndEntry firstEntry = (SyndEntry) feed.getEntries().get(0);
return firstEntry.getTitle().contains("Camel");

267.7. See Also

  • Configuring Camel
  • Component
  • Endpoint
  • Getting Started
  • Atom