Chapter 9. Migrating Databases

9.1. Migrating the Self-Hosted Engine Database to a Remote Server Database

You can migrate the engine database of a self-hosted engine to a remote database server after the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager has been initially configured.
This task is split into two procedures. The first procedure, preparing the remote PostgreSQL database, is a necessary prerequisite for the migration itself and presumes that the server has Red Hat Enterprise Linux installed and has been configured with the appropriate subscriptions.
The second procedure, migrating the database, uses PostgreSQL pg_dump and pg_restore commands to handle the database backup and restore. As such, it is necessary to edit the /etc/ovirt-engine/engine.conf.d/10-setup-database.conf file with the updated information. At a minimum, you must update the location of the new database server. If the database name, role name, or password are modified for the new database server, these values must also be updated in the 10-setup-database.conf file. This procedure uses the default engine database settings to minimize modification of this file.

Procedure 9.1. Preparing the Remote PostgreSQL Database for use with the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager

  1. Log in to the remote database server and install the PostgreSQL server package:
    # yum install postgresql-server
  2. Initialize the PostgreSQL database, start the postgresql service, and ensure that this service starts on boot:
    # service postgresql initdb
    # service postgresql start
    # chkconfig postgresql on
  3. Connect to the psql command line interface as the postgres user:
    # su - postgres
    $ psql
  4. Create a user for the Manager to use when it writes to and reads from the database. The default user name on the Manager is engine:
    postgres=# create role user_name with login encrypted password 'password';


    The password for the engine user is located in plain text in /etc/ovirt-engine/engine.conf.d/10-setup-database.conf. Any password can be used when creating the role on the new server, however if a different password is used then this file must be updated with the new password.
  5. Create a database in which to store data about the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization environment. The default database name on the Manager is engine, and the default user name is engine:
    postgres=# create database database_name owner user_name template template0 encoding 'UTF8' lc_collate 'en_US.UTF-8' lc_ctype 'en_US.UTF-8';
  6. Ensure the database can be accessed remotely by enabling md5 client authentication. Edit the /var/lib/pgsql/data/pg_hba.conf file, and add the following line immediately underneath the line starting with local at the bottom of the file, replacing X.X.X.X with the IP address of the Manager:
    host    database_name    user_name    X.X.X.X/32   md5
  7. Allow TCP/IP connections to the database. Edit the /var/lib/pgsql/data/postgresql.conf file and add the following line:
    This example configures the postgresql service to listen for connections on all interfaces. You can specify an interface by giving its IP address.
  8. Open the default port used for PostgreSQL database connections, and save the updated firewall rules:
    # iptables -I INPUT 5 -p tcp --dport 5432 -j ACCEPT
    # service iptables save
  9. Restart the postgresql service:
    # service postgresql restart
Optionally, set up SSL to secure database connections using the instructions at

Procedure 9.2. Migrating the Database

  1. Log in to one of the hosted-engine hosts and place the environment into global maintenance mode. This disables the High Availability agents and prevents the Manager virtual machine from being migrated occurring during the procedure:
    # hosted-engine --set-maintenance --mode=global
  2. Log in to the Manager virtual machine and stop the ovirt-engine service so that it does not interfere with the engine backup:
    # service ovirt-engine stop
  3. Create the engine database backup using the PostgreSQL pg_dump command:
    # su - postgres -c 'pg_dump -F c engine -f /tmp/engine.dump'
  4. Copy the backup file to the new database server. The target directory must allow write access for the postgres user:
    # scp /tmp/engine.dump
  5. Log in to the new database server and restore the database using the PostgreSQL pg_restore command:
    # su - postgres -c 'pg_restore -d engine /tmp/engine.dump'
  6. Log in to the Manager virtual machine and update the /etc/ovirt-engine/engine.conf.d/10-setup-database.conf and replace the localhost value of ENGINE_DB_HOST with the IP address of the new database server. If the engine name, role name, or password differ on the new database server, update those values in this file.
  7. Now that the database has been migrated, start the ovirt-engine service:
    # service ovirt-engine start
  8. Log in to a hosted-engine host and turn off maintenance mode, enabling the High Availability agents:
    # hosted-engine --set-maintenance --mode=none