Chapter 27. Using snapshots on Stratis file systems
You can use snapshots on Stratis file systems to capture file system state at arbitrary times and restore it in the future.
27.1. Characteristics of Stratis snapshots
In Stratis, a snapshot is a regular Stratis file system created as a copy of another Stratis file system. The snapshot initially contains the same file content as the original file system, but can change as the snapshot is modified. Whatever changes you make to the snapshot will not be reflected in the original file system.
The current snapshot implementation in Stratis is characterized by the following:
- A snapshot of a file system is another file system.
- A snapshot and its origin are not linked in lifetime. A snapshotted file system can live longer than the file system it was created from.
- A file system does not have to be mounted to create a snapshot from it.
- Each snapshot uses around half a gigabyte of actual backing storage, which is needed for the XFS log.
27.2. Creating a Stratis snapshot
This procedure creates a Stratis file system as a snapshot of an existing Stratis file system.
To create a Stratis snapshot, use:
# stratis fs snapshot my-pool my-fs my-fs-snapshot
27.3. Accessing the content of a Stratis snapshot
This procedure mounts a snapshot of a Stratis file system to make it accessible for read and write operations.
To access the snapshot, mount it as a regular file system from the
# mount /dev/stratis/my-pool/my-fs-snapshot mount-point
- Mounting a Stratis file system.
27.4. Reverting a Stratis file system to a previous snapshot
This procedure reverts the content of a Stratis file system to the state captured in a Stratis snapshot.
Optionally, back up the current state of the file system to be able to access it later:
# stratis filesystem snapshot my-pool my-fs my-fs-backup
Unmount and remove the original file system:
# umount /dev/stratis/my-pool/my-fs # stratis filesystem destroy my-pool my-fs
Create a copy of the snapshot under the name of the original file system:
# stratis filesystem snapshot my-pool my-fs-snapshot my-fs
Mount the snapshot, which is now accessible with the same name as the original file system:
# mount /dev/stratis/my-pool/my-fs mount-point
The content of the file system named my-fs is now identical to the snapshot my-fs-snapshot.
27.5. Removing a Stratis snapshot
This procedure removes a Stratis snapshot from a pool. Data on the snapshot are lost.
Unmount the snapshot:
# umount /dev/stratis/my-pool/my-fs-snapshot
Destroy the snapshot:
# stratis filesystem destroy my-pool my-fs-snapshot