Chapter 12. Preparing the system for IdM client installation
This chapter describes the conditions your system must meet to install an Identity Management (IdM) client.
12.1. Supported versions of RHEL for installing IdM clients
An Identity Management deployment in which IdM servers are running on the latest minor version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 supports clients that are running on the latest minor versions of:
- RHEL 7
- RHEL 8
- RHEL 9
- While other client systems, for example Ubuntu, can work with IdM 9 servers, Red Hat does not provide support for these clients.
12.2. DNS requirements for IdM clients
Client installer by default tries to search for
_ldap._tcp.DOMAIN DNS SRV records for all domains that are parent to its hostname. For example, if a client machine has a hostname
client1.idm.example.com, the installer will try to retrieve an IdM server hostname from
_ldap._tcp.com DNS SRV records, respectively. The discovered domain is then used to configure client components (for example, SSSD and Kerberos 5 configuration) on the machine.
However, the hostnames of IdM clients are not required to be part of the primary DNS domain. If the client machine hostname is not in a subdomain of an IdM server, pass the IdM domain as the
--domain option of the
ipa-client-install command. In that case, after the installation of the client, both SSSD and Kerberos components will have the domain set in their configuration files and will use it to autodiscover IdM servers.
- For details on DNS requirements in IdM, see Host name and DNS requirements for IdM.
12.3. Port requirements for IdM clients
Identity Management (IdM) clients connect to a number of ports on IdM servers to communicate with their services.
On IdM client, these ports must be open in the outgoing direction. If you are using a firewall that does not filter outgoing packets, such as
firewalld, the ports are already available in the outgoing direction.
- For information about which specific ports are used, see Port requirements for IdM.
12.4. IPv6 requirements for IdM clients
Identity Management (IdM) does not require the
IPv6 protocol to be enabled in the kernel of the host that you want to enroll into IdM. For example, if your internal network only uses the
IPv4 protocol, you can configure the System Security Services Daemon (SSSD) to only use
IPv4 to communicate with the IdM server. You can do this by inserting the following line into the
[domain/NAME] section of the
lookup_family_order = ipv4_only
For more information about the
lookup_family_orderoption, see the
12.5. Installing packages required for an IdM client
ipa-client package automatically installs other required packages as dependencies, such as the System Security Services Daemon (SSSD) packages.
# dnf install ipa-client