Chapter 44. Capturing network packets
To debug network issues and communications, you can capture network packets. The following sections provide instructions and additional information about capturing network packets.
44.1. Using xdpdump to capture network packets including packets dropped by XDP programs
xdpdump utility captures network packets. Unlike the
xdpdump uses an extended Berkeley Packet Filter(eBPF) program for this task. This enables
xdpdump to also capture packets dropped by Express Data Path (XDP) programs. User-space utilities, such as
tcpdump, are not able to capture these dropped packages, as well as original packets modified by an XDP program.
You can use
xdpdump to debug XDP programs that are already attached to an interface. Therefore, the utility can capture packets before an XDP program is started and after it has finished. In the latter case,
xdpdump also captures the XDP action. By default,
xdpdump captures incoming packets at the entry of the XDP program.
On other architectures than AMD and Intel 64-bit, the
xdpdump utility is provided as a Technology Preview only. Technology Preview features are not supported with Red Hat production Service Level Agreements (SLAs), might not be functionally complete, and Red Hat does not recommend using them for production. These previews provide early access to upcoming product features, enabling customers to test functionality and provide feedback during the development process.
See Technology Preview Features Support Scope on the Red Hat Customer Portal for information about the support scope for Technology Preview features.
xdpdump has no packet filter or decode capabilities. However, you can use it in combination with
tcpdump for packet decoding.
The procedure describes how to capture all packets on the
enp1s0 interface and write them to the
- A network driver that supports XDP programs.
An XDP program is loaded to the
enp1s0interface. If no program is loaded,
xdpdumpcaptures packets in a similar way
tcpdumpdoes, for backward compatibility.
To capture packets on the
enp1s0interface and write them to the
xdpdump -i enp1s0 -w /root/capture.pcap
- To stop capturing packets, press Ctrl+C.
If you are a developer and you are interested in the source code of
xdpdump, download and install the corresponding source RPM (SRPM) from the Red Hat Customer Portal.