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Chapter 5. Configuring an NFSv4-only server

As an NFS server administrator, you can configure the NFS server to support only NFSv4, which minimizes the number of open ports and running services on the system.

5.1. Benefits and drawbacks of an NFSv4-only server

This section explains the benefits and drawbacks of configuring the NFS server to only support NFSv4.

By default, the NFS server supports NFSv3 and NFSv4 connections in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8. However, you can also configure NFS to support only NFS version 4.0 and later. This minimizes the number of open ports and running services on the system, because NFSv4 does not require the rpcbind service to listen on the network.

When your NFS server is configured as NFSv4-only, clients attempting to mount shares using NFSv3 fail with an error like the following:

Requested NFS version or transport protocol is not supported.

Optionally, you can also disable listening for the RPCBIND, MOUNT, and NSM protocol calls, which are not necessary in the NFSv4-only case.

The effects of disabling these additional options are:

  • Clients that attempt to mount shares from your server using NFSv3 become unresponsive.
  • The NFS server itself is unable to mount NFSv3 file systems.

5.2. Configuring the NFS server to support only NFSv4

This procedure describes how to configure your NFS server to support only NFS version 4.0 and later.

Procedure

  1. Disable NFSv3 by adding the following lines to the [nfsd] section of the /etc/nfs.conf configuration file:

    [nfsd]
    
    vers3=no
  2. Optionally, disable listening for the RPCBIND, MOUNT, and NSM protocol calls, which are not necessary in the NFSv4-only case. Disable related services:

    # systemctl mask --now rpc-statd.service rpcbind.service rpcbind.socket
  3. Restart the NFS server:

    # systemctl restart nfs-server

The changes take effect as soon as you start or restart the NFS server.

5.3. Verifying the NFSv4-only configuration

This procedure describes how to verify that your NFS server is configured in the NFSv4-only mode by using the netstat utility.

Procedure

  • Use the netstat utility to list services listening on the TCP and UDP protocols:

    # netstat --listening --tcp --udp

    Example 5.1. Output on an NFSv4-only server

    The following is an example netstat output on an NFSv4-only server; listening for RPCBIND, MOUNT, and NSM is also disabled. Here, nfs is the only listening NFS service:

    # netstat --listening --tcp --udp
    
    Active Internet connections (only servers)
    Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:ssh             0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:nfs             0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:ssh                [::]:*                  LISTEN
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:nfs                [::]:*                  LISTEN
    udp        0      0 localhost.locald:bootpc 0.0.0.0:*

    Example 5.2. Output before configuring an NFSv4-only server

    In comparison, the netstat output before configuring an NFSv4-only server includes the sunrpc and mountd services:

    # netstat --listening --tcp --udp
    
    Active Internet connections (only servers)
    Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address State
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:ssh             0.0.0.0:*       LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:40189           0.0.0.0:*       LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:46813           0.0.0.0:*       LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:nfs             0.0.0.0:*       LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:sunrpc          0.0.0.0:*       LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:mountd          0.0.0.0:*       LISTEN
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:ssh                [::]:*          LISTEN
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:51227              [::]:*          LISTEN
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:nfs                [::]:*          LISTEN
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:sunrpc             [::]:*          LISTEN
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:mountd             [::]:*          LISTEN
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:45043              [::]:*          LISTEN
    udp        0      0 localhost:1018          0.0.0.0:*
    udp        0      0 localhost.locald:bootpc 0.0.0.0:*
    udp        0      0 0.0.0.0:mountd          0.0.0.0:*
    udp        0      0 0.0.0.0:46672           0.0.0.0:*
    udp        0      0 0.0.0.0:sunrpc          0.0.0.0:*
    udp        0      0 0.0.0.0:33494           0.0.0.0:*
    udp6       0      0 [::]:33734              [::]:*
    udp6       0      0 [::]:mountd             [::]:*
    udp6       0      0 [::]:sunrpc             [::]:*
    udp6       0      0 [::]:40243              [::]:*