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Chapter 28. Managing user passwords in IdM

28.1. Who can change IdM user passwords and how

Regular users without the permission to change other users' passwords can change only their own personal password. The new password must meet the IdM password policies applicable to the groups of which the user is a member. For details on configuring password policies, see Defining IdM password policies.

Administrators and users with password change rights can set initial passwords for new users and reset passwords for existing users. These passwords:

Note

The LDAP Directory Manager (DM) user can change user passwords using LDAP tools. The new password can override any IdM password policies. Passwords set by DM do not expire after the first login.

28.2. Changing your user password in the IdM Web UI

As an Identity Management (IdM) user, you can change your user password in the IdM Web UI.

Prerequisites

  • You are logged in to the IdM Web UI.

Procedure

  1. In the upper right corner, click User name → Change password.

    Figure 28.1. Resetting Password

    user change own pwd
  2. Enter the current and new passwords.

28.3. Resetting another user’s password in the IdM Web UI

As an administrative user of Identity Management (IdM), you can change passwords for other users in the IdM Web UI.

Prerequisites

  • You are logged in to the IdM Web UI as an administrative user.

Procedure

  1. Select IdentityUsers.
  2. Click the name of the user to edit.
  3. Click ActionsReset password.

    Figure 28.2. Resetting Password

    pwd reset1
  4. Enter the new password, and click Reset Password.

    Figure 28.3. Confirming New Password

    pwd reset2

28.4. Resetting the Directory Manager user password

If you lose the Identity Management (IdM) Directory Manager password, you can reset it.

Prerequisites

  • You have root access to an IdM server.

Procedure

  1. Generate a new password hash by using the pwdhash command. For example:

    # pwdhash -D /etc/dirsrv/slapd-IDM-EXAMPLE-COM password
    {PBKDF2_SHA256}AAAgABU0bKhyjY53NcxY33ueoPjOUWtl4iyYN5uW...

    By specifying the path to the Directory Server configuration, you automatically use the password storage scheme set in the nsslapd-rootpwstoragescheme attribute to encrypt the new password.

  2. On every IdM server in your topology, execute the following steps:

    1. Stop all IdM services installed on the server:

      # ipactl stop
    2. Edit the /etc/dirsrv/IDM-EXAMPLE-COM/dse.ldif file and set the nsslapd-rootpw attribute to the value generated by the pwdhash command:

      nsslapd-rootpw: {PBKDF2_SHA256}AAAgABU0bKhyjY53NcxY33ueoPjOUWtl4iyYN5uW...
    3. Start all IdM services installed on the server:
    # ipactl start

28.5. Changing your user password or resetting another user’s password in IdM CLI

You can change your user password using the Identity Management (IdM) command-line interface (CLI). If you are an administrative user, you can use the CLI to reset another user’s password.

Prerequisites

  • You have obtained a ticket-granting ticket (TGT) for an IdM user.
  • If you are resetting another user’s password, you must have obtained a TGT for an administrative user in IdM.

Procedure

  • Enter the ipa user-mod command with the name of the user and the --password option. The command will prompt you for the new password.

    $ ipa user-mod idm_user --password
    Password:
    Enter Password again to verify:
    --------------------
    Modified user "idm_user"
    --------------------
    ...
Note

You can also use the ipa passwd idm_user command instead of ipa user-mod.

28.6. Enabling password reset in IdM without prompting the user for a password change at the next login

By default, when an administrator resets another user’s password, the password expires after the first successful login. As IdM Directory Manager, you can specify the following privileges for individual IdM administrators:

  • They can perform password change operations without requiring users to change their passwords subsequently on their first login.
  • They can bypass the password policy so that no strength or history enforcement is applied.
Warning

Bypassing the password policy can be a security threat. Exercise caution when selecting users to whom you grant these additional privileges.

Prerequisites

  • You know the Directory Manager password.

Procedure

  1. On every Identity Management (IdM) server in the domain, make the following changes:

    1. Enter the ldapmodify command to modify LDAP entries. Specify the name of the IdM server and the 389 port and press Enter:

      $ ldapmodify -x -D "cn=Directory Manager" -W -h server.idm.example.com -p 389
      Enter LDAP Password:
    2. Enter the Directory Manager password.
    3. Enter the distinguished name for the ipa_pwd_extop password synchronization entry and press Enter:

      dn: cn=ipa_pwd_extop,cn=plugins,cn=config
    4. Specify the modify type of change and press Enter:

      changetype: modify
    5. Specify what type of modification you want LDAP to execute and to which attribute. Press Enter:

      add: passSyncManagersDNs
    6. Specify the administrative user accounts in the passSyncManagersDNs attribute. The attribute is multi-valued. For example, to grant the admin user the password resetting powers of Directory Manager:

      passSyncManagersDNs: \
      uid=admin,cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=example,dc=com
    7. Press Enter twice to stop editing the entry.

The whole procedure looks as follows:

$ ldapmodify -x -D "cn=Directory Manager" -W -h server.idm.example.com -p 389
Enter LDAP Password:
dn: cn=ipa_pwd_extop,cn=plugins,cn=config
changetype: modify
add: passSyncManagersDNs
passSyncManagersDNs: uid=admin,cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=example,dc=com

The admin user, listed under passSyncManagerDNs, now has the additional privileges.

28.7. Checking if an IdM user’s account is locked

As an Identity Management (IdM) administrator, you can check if an IdM user’s account is locked. For that, you must compare a user’s maximum allowed number of failed login attempts with the number of the user’s actual failed logins.

Prerequisites

  • You have obtained the ticket-granting ticket (TGT) of an administrative user in IdM.

Procedure

  1. Display the status of the user account to see the number of failed logins:

    $ ipa user-status example_user
    -----------------------
    Account disabled: False
    -----------------------
      Server: idm.example.com
      Failed logins: 8
      Last successful authentication: N/A
      Last failed authentication: 20220229080317Z
      Time now: 2022-02-29T08:04:46Z
    ----------------------------
    Number of entries returned 1
    ----------------------------
  2. Display the number of allowed login attempts for a particular user:

    1. Log in to the IdM Web UI as IdM administrator.
    2. Open the Identity → Users → Active users tab.

    A screenshot of the IdM Web UI displaying the "Active Users" page which is a sub-page of the Users sub-menu from the Identity tab.

    1. Click the user name to open the user settings.
    2. In the Password policy section, locate the Max failures item.
  3. Compare the number of failed logins as displayed in the output of the ipa user-status command with the Max failures number displayed in the IdM Web UI. If the number of failed logins equals that of maximum allowed login attempts, the user account is locked.

28.8. Unlocking user accounts after password failures in IdM

If a user attempts to log in using an incorrect password a certain number of times, Identity Management (IdM) locks the user account, which prevents the user from logging in. For security reasons, IdM does not display any warning message that the user account has been locked. Instead, the CLI prompt might continue asking the user for a password again and again.

IdM automatically unlocks the user account after a specified amount of time has passed. Alternatively, you can unlock the user account manually with the following procedure.

Prerequisites

  • You have obtained the ticket-granting ticket of an IdM administrative user.

Procedure

  • To unlock a user account, use the ipa user-unlock command.

    $ ipa user-unlock idm_user
    -----------------------
    Unlocked account "idm_user"
    -----------------------

    After this, the user can log in again.

28.9. Enabling the tracking of last successful Kerberos authentication for users in IdM

For performance reasons, Identity Management (IdM) running in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 does not store the time stamp of the last successful Kerberos authentication of a user. As a consequence, certain commands, such as ipa user-status, do not display the time stamp.

Prerequisites

  • You have obtained the ticket-granting ticket (TGT) of an administrative user in IdM.
  • You have root access to the IdM server on which you are executing the procedure.

Procedure

  1. Display the currently enabled password plug-in features:

    # ipa config-show | grep "Password plugin features"
      Password plugin features: AllowNThash, KDC:Disable Last Success

    The output shows that the KDC:Disable Last Success plug-in is enabled. The plug-in hides the last successful Kerberos authentication attempt from being visible in the ipa user-status output.

  2. Add the --ipaconfigstring=feature parameter for every feature to the ipa config-mod command that is currently enabled, except for KDC:Disable Last Success:

    # ipa config-mod --ipaconfigstring='AllowNThash'

    This command enables only the AllowNThash plug-in. To enable multiple features, specify the --ipaconfigstring=feature parameter separately for each feature.

  3. Restart IdM:

    # ipactl restart