Chapter 1. Overview
Installer and image creation
Users can now disable modules during a Kickstart installation.
See Section 6.1.1, “Installer and image creation” for further details.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux System Roles
storage role has been added to RHEL System Roles.
See Section 6.1.17, “Red Hat Enterprise Linux System Roles” for details.
RHEL 8.1 introduces a new routing protocol stack, FRR, which replaces Quagga that was used on previous versions of RHEL. FRR provides TCP/IP-based routing services with support for multiple IPv4 and IPv6 routing protocols.
The Tuned system tuning tool has been rebased to version 2.12, which adds support for negation of CPU list.
The chrony suite has been rebased to version 3.5, which adds support for more accurate synchronization of the system clock with hardware timestamping in RHEL 8.1 kernel.
For more information, see Section 6.1.4, “Infrastructure services”.
RHEL 8.1 introduces a new tool for generating SELinux policies for containers: udica. With udica, you can create a tailored security policy for better control of how a container accesses host system resources, such as storage, devices, and network. This enables you to harden your container deployments against security violations and it also simplifies achieving and maintaining regulatory compliance.
The fapolicyd software framework introduces a form of application whitelisting and blacklisting based on a user-defined policy. The RHEL 8.1 application whitelisting feature provides one of the most efficient ways to prevent running untrusted and possibly malicious applications on the system.
A security compliance suite, OpenSCAP, now supports SCAP 1.3 data streams and provides improved reports.
See Section 6.1.5, “Security” for more information.
Live patching for the kernel,
kpatch, is now available, which enables you to consume Critical and Important CVEs fixes without the need to reboot your system.
Extended Berkeley Packet Filter (eBPF) is an in-kernel virtual machine that allows code execution in the kernel space. eBPF is utilized by a number of components in RHEL. In RHEL 8.1, the BPF Compiler Collection (BCC) tools package is fully supported on the AMD and Intel 64-bit architectures, and available as a Technology Preview for other architectures. In addition, the
bpftrace tracing language and the eXpress Data Path (XDP) feature are available as a Technology Preview.
File systems and storage
The LUKS version 2 (LUKS2) format now supports re-encrypting block devices while the devices are in use.
See Section 6.1.9, “File systems and storage” for more information.
Dynamic programming languages, web and database servers
Later versions of the following components are now available as new module streams:
RHEL 8.1 introduces a new compiler toolset, GCC Toolset 9, an Application Stream packaged as a Software Collection, which provides recent versions of development tools.
In addition, the following compiler toolsets have been upgraded:
Rust Toolset 1.37
Go Toolset 1.12.8
See Section 6.1.12, “Compilers and development tools” for more information.
Identity Management introduces a new command-line tool - Healthcheck. Healthcheck helps users find issues that may impact the fitness of their IdM environments.
See Section 6.1.13, “Identity Management” for details.
Identity Management now supports Ansible roles and modules for installation and management. This update makes installation and configuration of IdM-based solutions easier.
See Section 6.1.13, “Identity Management” for more information.
Workspace switcher in the GNOME Classic environment has been modified. The switcher is now located in the right part of the bottom bar, and it is designed as a horizontal strip of thumbnails. Switching between workspaces is possible by clicking on the required thumbnail. For more information,see Section 6.1.14, “Desktop”.
The Direct Rendering Manager (DRM) kernel graphics subsystem has been rebased to upstream Linux kernel version 5.1. This version provides a number of enhancements over the previous version, including support for new GPUs and APUs, and various driver updates. See Section 6.1.14, “Desktop” for further details.
In-place upgrade from RHEL 7 to RHEL 8
The following major enhancements have been introduced:
- Support for an in-place upgrade on the following architectures has been added: 64-bit ARM, IBM POWER (little endian), IBM Z.
It is now possible to perform a pre-upgrade system assessment in the web console and apply automated remediations using the new
/usrdirectories can now be mounted on a separate partition.
- UEFI is now supported.
- Leapp now upgrades packages from the Supplementary repository.
For information about supported upgrade paths, see Supported in-place upgrade paths for Red Hat Enterprise Linux. For instructions on how to perform an in-place upgrade, see Upgrading from RHEL 7 to RHEL 8.
If you are using CentOS Linux 7 or Oracle Linux 7, you can convert your operating system to RHEL 7 using the
convert2rhel utility prior to upgrading to RHEL 8. For instructions, see How to convert from CentOS Linux or Oracle Linux to RHEL.
- Capabilities and limits of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 as compared to other versions of the system are available in the Knowledgebase article Red Hat Enterprise Linux technology capabilities and limits.
- Information regarding the Red Hat Enterprise Linux life cycle is provided in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Life Cycle document.
- The Package manifest document provides a package listing for RHEL 8.
- Major differences between RHEL 7 and RHEL 8 are documented in Considerations in adopting RHEL 8.
- Instructions on how to perform an in-place upgrade from RHEL 7 to RHEL 8 are provided by the document Upgrading to RHEL 8.
- The Red Hat Insights service, which enables you to proactively identify, examine, and resolve known technical issues, is now available with all RHEL subscriptions. For instructions on how to install the Red Hat Insights client and register your system to the service, see the Red Hat Insights Get Started page.
Red Hat Customer Portal Labs
Red Hat Customer Portal Labs is a set of tools in a section of the Customer Portal available at https://access.redhat.com/labs/. The applications in Red Hat Customer Portal Labs can help you improve performance, quickly troubleshoot issues, identify security problems, and quickly deploy and configure complex applications. Some of the most popular applications are: