Linux kernels can output information to serial ports. This is useful for debugging kernel panics and hardware issues with video devices or headless servers. The subsections in this section cover setting up serial console output for host physical machines using the KVM hypervisor.
This section covers how to enable serial console output for fully virtualized guests.
Fully virtualized guest serial console output can be viewed with the
virsh console command.
Be aware fully virtualized guest serial consoles have some limitations. Present limitations include:
The serial port is called
ttyS0 on Linux .
You must configure the virtualized operating system to output information to the virtual serial port.
To output kernel information from a fully virtualized Linux guest into the domain, modify the
/etc/default/grub file. Append the following to the
title Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server (2.6.32-36.x86-64)
kernel /vmlinuz-2.6.32-36.x86-64 ro root=/dev/volgroup00/logvol00 \
enter the following command in the guest:
grub2-mkconfig -o /etc/grub2.cfg
If you are using a UEFI-based host, the target file should be
Reboot the guest.
On the host, access the serial console with the following command, where GUEST is the name of the guest virtual machine:
virsh console GUEST
You can also use
virt-manager to display the virtual text console. In the guest console window, select Serial 1 in Text Consoles from the View menu.