Chapter 5. KVM Paravirtualized (virtio) Drivers
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.3 and later
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 and later
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 and later
- Some versions of Linux based on the 2.6.27 kernel, or later kernel versions.
5.1. Using KVM virtio Drivers for Existing Devices
virtiodriver instead of the virtualized IDE driver. The example shown in this section edits libvirt configuration files. Note that the guest virtual machine does not need to be shut down to perform these steps, however the change will not be applied until the guest is completely shut down and rebooted.
Procedure 5.1. Using KVM virtio drivers for existing devices
- Ensure that you have installed the appropriate driver (
viostor), before continuing with this procedure.
- Run the
virsh edit guestnamecommand as root to edit the XML configuration file for your device. For example,
virsh edit guest1. The configuration files are located in the
- Below is a file-based block device using the virtualized IDE driver. This is a typical entry for a virtual machine not using the virtio drivers.
<disk type='file' device='disk'> ... <source file='/var/lib/libvirt/images/disk1.img'/> <target dev='hda' bus='ide'/> <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x07' function='0x0'/> </disk>
- Change the entry to use the virtio device by modifying the bus= entry to
virtio. Note that if the disk was previously IDE, it has a target similar to
hdc. When changing to bus=virtio the target needs to be changed to
<disk type='file' device='disk'> ... <source file='/var/lib/libvirt/images/disk1.img'/> <target dev='vda' bus='virtio'/> <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x07' function='0x0'/> </disk>
- Remove the address tag inside the disk tags. This must be done for this procedure to work. Libvirt will regenerate the address tag appropriately the next time the virtual machine is started.
virsh attach-interfacecan add a new device using the virtio drivers.