8.3. Configuring NFS Client

The mount command mounts NFS shares on the client side. Its format is as follows:
# mount -t nfs -o options server:/remote/export /local/directory
This command uses the following variables:
options
A comma-delimited list of mount options; for more information on valid NFS mount options, see Section 8.5, “Common NFS Mount Options”.
server
The hostname, IP address, or fully qualified domain name of the server exporting the file system you wish to mount
/remote/export
The file system or directory being exported from the server, that is, the directory you wish to mount
/local/directory
The client location where /remote/export is mounted
The NFS protocol version used in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 is identified by the mount options nfsvers or vers. By default, mount uses NFSv4 with mount -t nfs. If the server does not support NFSv4, the client automatically steps down to a version supported by the server. If the nfsvers/vers option is used to pass a particular version not supported by the server, the mount fails. The file system type nfs4 is also available for legacy reasons; this is equivalent to running mount -t nfs -o nfsvers=4 host:/remote/export /local/directory.
For more information, see man mount.
If an NFS share was mounted manually, the share will not be automatically mounted upon reboot. Red Hat Enterprise Linux offers two methods for mounting remote file systems automatically at boot time: the /etc/fstab file and the autofs service. For more information, see Section 8.3.1, “Mounting NFS File Systems Using /etc/fstab and Section 8.4, “autofs.

8.3.1. Mounting NFS File Systems Using /etc/fstab

An alternate way to mount an NFS share from another machine is to add a line to the /etc/fstab file. The line must state the hostname of the NFS server, the directory on the server being exported, and the directory on the local machine where the NFS share is to be mounted. You must be root to modify the /etc/fstab file.

Example 8.1. Syntax Example

The general syntax for the line in /etc/fstab is as follows:
server:/usr/local/pub    /pub   nfs    defaults 0 0
The mount point /pub must exist on the client machine before this command can be executed. After adding this line to /etc/fstab on the client system, use the command mount /pub, and the mount point /pub is mounted from the server.
A valid /etc/fstab entry to mount an NFS export should contain the following information:
server:/remote/export /local/directory nfs options 0 0
The variables server, /remote/export, /local/directory, and options are the same ones used when manually mounting an NFS share. For more information, see Section 8.3, “Configuring NFS Client”.

Note

The mount point /local/directory must exist on the client before /etc/fstab is read. Otherwise, the mount fails.
After editing /etc/fstab, regenerate mount units so that your system registers the new configuration:
# systemctl daemon-reload

Additional Resources

  • For more information about /etc/fstab, refer to man fstab.