23.4. Configuration Examples

23.4.1. Rsync as a daemon

When using Red Hat Enterprise Linux, rsync can be used as a daemon so that multiple clients can directly communicate with it as a central server, in order to house centralized files and keep them synchronized. The following example will demonstrate running rsync as a daemon over a network socket in the correct domain, and how SELinux expects this daemon to be running on a pre-defined (in SELinux policy) TCP port. This example will then show how to modify SELinux policy to allow the rsync daemon to run normally on a non-standard port.
This example will be performed on a single system to demonstrate SELinux policy and its control over local daemons and processes. Note that this is an example only and demonstrates how SELinux can affect rsync. Comprehensive documentation of rsync is beyond the scope of this document. See the official rsync documentation for further details. This example assumes that the rsync, setroubleshoot-server and audit packages are installed, that the SELinux targeted policy is used and that SELinux is running in enforcing mode.

Procedure 23.1. Getting rsync to launch as rsync_t

  1. Run the getenforce command to confirm SELinux is running in enforcing mode:
    ~]$ getenforce
    Enforcing
    
    The command returns Enforcing when SELinux is running in enforcing mode.
  2. Run the which command to confirm that the rsync binary is in the system path:
    ~]$ which rsync
    /usr/bin/rsync
    
  3. When running rsync as a daemon, a configuration file should be used and saved as /etc/rsyncd.conf. Note that the following configuration file used in this example is very simple and is not indicative of all the possible options that are available, rather it is just enough to demonstrate the rsync daemon:
    log file = /var/log/rsync.log
    pid file = /var/run/rsyncd.pid
    lock file = /var/run/rsync.lock
    [files]
    	path = /srv/rsync
            comment = file area
            read only = false
            timeout = 300
    
  4. Now that a simple configuration file exists for rsync to operate in daemon mode, you can start it by running the following command:
    ~]# systemctl start rsyncd.service
    Ensure that rsyncd was successfully started (the output is supposed to look similar to the one below, only the time stamp will differ):
    ~]# systemctl status rsyncd.service
    rsyncd.service - fast remote file copy program daemon
       Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/rsyncd.service; disabled)
       Active: active (running) since Thu 2014-02-27 09:46:24 CET; 2s ago
     Main PID: 3220 (rsync)
       CGroup: /system.slice/rsyncd.service
               └─3220 /usr/bin/rsync --daemon --no-detach
    
    SELinux can now enforce its protection mechanisms over the rsync daemon as it is now running in the rsync_t domain:
    ~]$ ps -eZ | grep rsync
    system_u:system_r:rsync_t:s0     3220 ?        00:00:00 rsync
    
This example demonstrated how to get rsyncd running in the rsync_t domain. Rsync can also be run as a socket-activated service. In that case, the rsyncd is not executed until a client tries to connect to the service. To enable rsyncd to run as a socket-activated service, follow the steps above. To start rsyncd as a socket-activated service, enter the following command as root:
~]# systemctl start rsyncd.socket
The next example shows how to get this daemon successfully running on a non-default port. TCP port 10000 is used in the next example.

Procedure 23.2. Running the rsync daemon on a non-default port

  1. Modify the /etc/rsyncd.conf file and add the port = 10000 line at the top of the file in the global configuration area (that is, before any file areas are defined). The new configuration file will look like:
    log file = /var/log/rsyncd.log
    pid file = /var/run/rsyncd.pid
    lock file = /var/run/rsync.lock
    port = 10000
    [files]
            path = /srv/rsync
            comment = file area
            read only = false
    	timeout = 300
    
  2. After launching the rsync daemon with this new setting, a denial message similar to the following is logged by SELinux:
    Jul 22 10:46:59 localhost setroubleshoot: SELinux is preventing the rsync (rsync_t) from binding to port 10000. For complete SELinux messages, run sealert -l c371ab34-639e-45ae-9e42-18855b5c2de8
    
  3. Use the semanage utility to add TCP port 10000 to the SELinux policy in rsync_port_t:
    ~]# semanage port -a -t rsync_port_t -p tcp 10000
  4. Now that TCP port 10000 has been added to the SELinux policy for rsync_port_t, rsyncd will start and operate normally on this port:
    ~]# systemctl start rsyncd.service
    ~]# netstat -lnp | grep 10000
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:10000   0.0.0.0:*      LISTEN      9910/rsync
    
SELinux has had its policy modified and is now permitting rsyncd to operate on TCP port 10000.