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1.2. High Availability Add-On Introduction
The High Availability Add-On is an integrated set of software components that can be deployed in a variety of configurations to suit your needs for performance, high availability, load balancing, scalability, file sharing, and economy.
The High Availability Add-On consists of the following major components:
- Cluster infrastructure — Provides fundamental functions for nodes to work together as a cluster: configuration file management, membership management, lock management, and fencing.
- High availability Service Management — Provides failover of services from one cluster node to another in case a node becomes inoperative.
- Cluster administration tools — Configuration and management tools for setting up, configuring, and managing the High Availability Add-On. The tools are for use with the Cluster Infrastructure components, the high availability and Service Management components, and storage.
You can supplement the High Availability Add-On with the following components:
- Red Hat GFS2 (Global File System 2) — Part of the Resilient Storage Add-On, this provides a cluster file system for use with the High Availability Add-On. GFS2 allows multiple nodes to share storage at a block level as if the storage were connected locally to each cluster node. GFS2 cluster file system requires a cluster infrastructure.
- Cluster Logical Volume Manager (CLVM) — Part of the Resilient Storage Add-On, this provides volume management of cluster storage. CLVM support also requires cluster infrastructure.
- HAProxy — Routing software that provides high availability load balancing and failover in layer 4 (TCP) and layer 7 (HTTP, HTTPS) services.