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1.4. Pacemaker Architecture Components

A cluster configured with Pacemaker comprises separate component daemons that monitor cluster membership, scripts that manage the services, and resource management subsystems that monitor the disparate resources. The following components form the Pacemaker architecture:
Cluster Information Base (CIB)
The Pacemaker information daemon, which uses XML internally to distribute and synchronize current configuration and status information from the Designated Coordinator (DC) — a node assigned by Pacemaker to store and distribute cluster state and actions by means of the CIB — to all other cluster nodes.
Cluster Resource Management Daemon (CRMd)
Pacemaker cluster resource actions are routed through this daemon. Resources managed by CRMd can be queried by client systems, moved, instantiated, and changed when needed.
Each cluster node also includes a local resource manager daemon (LRMd) that acts as an interface between CRMd and resources. LRMd passes commands from CRMd to agents, such as starting and stopping and relaying status information.
Shoot the Other Node in the Head (STONITH)
Often deployed in conjunction with a power switch, STONITH acts as a cluster resource in Pacemaker that processes fence requests, forcefully powering down nodes and removing them from the cluster to ensure data integrity. STONITH is configured in CIB and can be monitored as a normal cluster resource.
corosync is the component - and a daemon of the same name - that serves the core membership and member-communication needs for high availability clusters. It is required for the High Availability Add-On to function.
In addition to those membership and messaging functions, corosync also:
  • Manages quorum rules and determination.
  • Provides messaging capabilities for applications that coordinate or operate across multiple members of the cluster and thus must communicate stateful or other information between instances.