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Chapter 16. Registering the Hypervisor and Virtual Machine

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 and 7 require that every guest virtual machine is mapped to a specific hypervisor in order to ensure that every guest is allocated the same level of subscription service. To do this you need to install a subscription agent that automatically detects all guest Virtual Machines (VMs) on each KVM hypervisor that is installed and registered, which in turn will create a mapping file that sits on the host. This mapping file ensures that all guest VMs receive the following benefits:
  • Subscriptions specific to virtual systems are readily available and can be applied to all of the associated guest VMs.
  • All subscription benefits that can be inherited from the hypervisor are readily available and can be applied to all of the associated guest VMs.


The information provided in this chapter is specific to Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscriptions only. If you also have a Red Hat Virtualization subscription, or a Red Hat Satellite subscription, you should also consult the virt-who information provided with those subscriptions. More information on Red Hat Subscription Management can also be found in the Red Hat Subscription Management Guide found on the customer portal.

16.1. Installing virt-who on the Host Physical Machine

  1. Register the KVM hypervisor

    Register the KVM Hypervisor by running the subscription-manager register [options] command in a terminal as the root user on the host physical machine. More options are available using the # subscription-manager register --help menu. In cases where you are using a user name and password, use the credentials that are known to the subscription manager. If this is your very first time subscribing and you do not have a user account, contact customer support. For example to register the VM as 'admin' with 'secret' as a password, you would send the following command:
    [root@rhel-server ~]# subscription-manager register --username=admin --password=secret --auto-attach --type=hypervisor
  2. Install the virt-who packages

    Install the virt-who packages, by running the following command in a terminal as root on the host physical machine:
    [root@rhel-server ~]# yum install virt-who
  3. Create a virt-who configuration file

    Add a configuration file in the /etc/virt-who.d/ directory. It does not matter what the name of the file is, but you should give it a name that makes sense and the file must be located in the /etc/virt-who.d/ directory. Inside that file add the following snippet and remember to save the file before closing it.
  4. Start the virt-who service

    Start the virt-who service by running the following command in a terminal as root on the host physical machine:
    [root@virt-who ~]# service virt-who start
    [root@virt-who ~]# chkconfig virt-who on
  5. Confirm virt-who service is receiving guest information

    At this point, the virt-who service will start collecting a list of domains from the host. Check the /var/log/rhsm/rhsm.log file on the host physical machine to confirm that the file contains a list of the guest VMs. For example:
    2015-05-28 12:33:31,424 DEBUG: Libvirt domains found: [{'guestId': '58d59128-cfbb-4f2c-93de-230307db2ce0', 'attributes': {'active': 0, 'virtWhoType': 'libvirt', 'hypervisorType': 'QEMU'}, 'state': 5}]

Procedure 16.1. Managing the subscription on the customer portal

  1. Subscribing the hypervisor

    As the virtual machines will be receiving the same subscription benefits as the hypervisor, it is important that the hypervisor has a valid subscription and that the subscription is available for the VMs to use.
    1. Login to the customer portal

      Login to the Red Hat customer portal and click the Subscriptions button at the top of the page.
    2. Click the Systems link

      In the Subscriber Inventory section (towards the bottom of the page), click Systems link.
    3. Select the hypervisor

      On the Systems page, there is a table of all subscribed systems. Click on the name of the hypervisor (localhost.localdomain for example). In the details page that opens, click Attach a subscription and select all the subscriptions listed. Click Attach Selected. This will attach the host's physical subscription to the hypervisor so that the guests can benefit from the subscription.
  2. Subscribing the guest virtual machines - first time use

    This step is for those who have a new subscription and have never subscribed a guest virtual machine before. If you are adding virtual machines, skip this step. To consume the subscription assigned to the hypervisor profile on the machine running the virt-who service, auto subscribe by running the following command in a terminal, on the guest virtual machine as root.
    [root@virt-who ~]# subscription-manager attach --auto
  3. Subscribing additional guest virtual machines

    If you just subscribed a for the first time, skip this step. If you are adding additional virtual machines, it should be noted that running this command will not necessarily re-attach the same subscriptions to the guest virtual machine. This is because removing all subscriptions then allowing auto attach to resolve what is necessary for a given guest virtual machine may result in different subscriptions consumed than before. This may not have any effect on your system, but it is something you should be aware about. If you used a manual attachment procedure to attach the virtual machine, which is not described below, you will need to re-attach those virtual machines manually as the auto-attach will not work. Use the following command as root in a terminal to first remove the subscriptions for the old guests and then use the auto-attach to attach subscriptions to all the guests. Run these commands on the guest virtual machine.
    [root@virt-who ~]# subscription-manager remove --all
    [root@virt-who ~]# subscription-manager attach --auto
  4. Confirm subscriptions are attached

    Confirm that the subscription is attached to the hypervisor by running the following command as root in a terminal on the guest virtual machine:
    [root@virt-who ~]# subscription-manager list --consumed
    Output similar to the following will be displayed. Pay attention to the Subscription Details. It should say 'Subscription is current'.
    [root@virt-who ~]#  subscription-manager list --consumed
       Consumed Subscriptions
    Subscription Name:	Awesome OS with unlimited virtual guests
    Provides: 		Awesome OS Server Bits
    SKU: 			awesomeos-virt-unlimited
    Contract: 		0
    Account: 		######### Your account number #####
    Serial: 		######### Your serial number ######
    Pool ID: 		XYZ123                                             1
    Provides Management: 	No
    Active: 		True
    Quantity Used: 		1
    Service Level:
    Service Type:
    Status Details:		Subscription is current                       2
    Subscription Type:
    Starts: 		01/01/2015
    Ends: 			12/31/2015
    System Type: 		Virtual


    The ID for the subscription to attach to the system is displayed here. You will need this ID if you need to attach the subscription manually.


    Indicates if your subscription is current. If your subscription is not current, an error message appears. One example is Guest has not been reported on any host and is using a temporary unmapped guest subscription. In this case the guest needs to be subscribed. In other cases, use the information as indicated in Section 16.5.2, “I have subscription status errors, what do I do?”.
  5. Register additional guests

    When you install new guest VMs on the hypervisor, you must register the new VM and use the subscription attached to the hypervisor, by running the following commands in a terminal as root on the guest virtual machine:
    [root@server1 ~]# subscription-manager register
    [root@server1 ~]# subscription-manager attach --auto
    [root@server1 ~]# subscription-manager list --consumed