8.3. Using SCAP Workbench
SCAP Workbench (scap-workbench) is a graphical utility that allows users to perform configuration and vulnerability scans on a single local or a remote system, perform remediation of the system, and generate reports based on scan evaluations. Note that compared with the oscap command-line utility, SCAP Workbench has only limited functionality. SCAP Workbench can also process only security content in the form of XCCDF and data-stream files.
The following sections explain how to install, start, and utilize SCAP Workbench in order to perform system scans, remediation, scan customization, and display relevant examples for these tasks.
8.3.1. Installing SCAP Workbench
To install SCAP Workbench on your system, run the following command as
yum install scap-workbench
This command installs all packages required by SCAP Workbench to function properly, including the scap-workbench package that provides the utility itself. Note that required dependencies, such as the qt and openssh packages, will be automatically updated to the newest available version if the packages are already installed on your system.
Before you can start using SCAP Workbench effectively, you also need to install or import some security content on your system. For example, you can install the SCAP Security Guide (SSG) package, scap-security-guide, which contains the currently most evolved and elaborate set of security polices for Linux systems. To install the SCAP Security Guide package on your system, run the following command as root:
yum install scap-security-guide
After you install scap-security-guide on your system, unless specified otherwise, the SSG security content is available under the
/usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/directory, and you can proceed with other security compliance operations.
To find other possible sources of existing SCAP content that might suit your needs, see Section 8.8, “Additional Resources”.