32.4. Using fadump on IBM PowerPC hardware

Starting with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.8 an alternative dumping mechanism to kdump, the firmware-assisted dump (fadump), is available. The fadump feature is supported only on IBM Power Systems. The goal of fadump is to enable the dump of a crashed system, and to do so from a fully-reset system, and to minimize the total elapsed time until the system is back in production use. The fadump feature is integrated with kdump infrastructure present in the user space to seemlessly switch between kdump and fadump mechanisms.
Firmware-assisted dump (fadump) is a reliable alternative to kexec-kdump available on IBM PowerPC LPARS. It captures vmcore from a fully-reset system with PCI and I/O devices reinitialized. While this mechanism uses the firmware to preserve the memory in case of a crash, it reuses the kdump userspace scripts to save the vmcore"
To achieve this, fadump registers the regions of memory that must be preserved in the event of a crash with the system firmware. These regions consist of all the system memory contents, except the boot memory, system registers and hardware Page Table Entries (PTEs).

Note

The area of memory not preserved and known as boot memory is the amount of RAM required to successfully boot the kernel after a crash event. By default, the boot memory size is 256MB or 5% of total system RAM, whichever is larger.
Unlike a kexec-initiated event, the fadump process uses the production kernel to recover a crash dump. When booting after a crash, PowerPC hardware makes the device node /proc/device-tree/rtas/ibm,kernel-dump available to procfs, which the fadump-aware kdump scripts check for to save the vmcore. After this has completed, the system is rebooted cleanly.

Enabling fadump

  1. Add fadump=on to the GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX line in /etc/default/grub:
    GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="rd.lvm.lv=rhel/swap crashkernel=auto rd.lvm.lv=rhel/root rhgb quiet fadump=on"
  2. (optional) If you want to specify reserved boot memory instead of accepting the defaults, add fadump_reserve_mem=xxM to GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX in /etc/default/grub, where xx is the amount of the memory required in megabytes:
    GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="rd.lvm.lv=rhel/swap crashkernel=auto rd.lvm.lv=rhel/root rhgb quiet fadump=on fadump_reserve_mem=xxM"

Important

As with all boot configuration options, it is strongly recommended that you test the configuration before it is needed. If you observe Out of Memory (OOM) errors when booting from the crash kernel, increase the value specified in fadump_reserve_mem= until the crash kernel can boot cleanly. Some trial and error may be required in this case.