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14.4.3. Using the sftp Utility

The sftp utility can be used to open a secure, interactive FTP session. In its design, it is similar to ftp except that it uses a secure, encrypted connection.
To connect to a remote system, use a command in the following form:
sftp username@hostname
For example, to log in to a remote machine named penguin.example.com with john as a user name, type:
~]$ sftp john@penguin.example.com
john@penguin.example.com's password:
Connected to penguin.example.com.
sftp>
After you enter the correct password, you will be presented with a prompt. The sftp utility accepts a set of commands similar to those used by ftp (see Table 14.3, “A selection of available sftp commands”).

Table 14.3. A selection of available sftp commands

CommandDescription
ls [directory] List the content of a remote directory. If none is supplied, a current working directory is used by default.
cd directory Change the remote working directory to directory.
mkdir directory Create a remote directory.
rmdir path Remove a remote directory.
put localfile [remotefile] Transfer localfile to a remote machine.
get remotefile [localfile] Transfer remotefile from a remote machine.
For a complete list of available commands, see the sftp(1) manual page.