29.5.3. Getting more detailed output on the modules
OProfile collects data on a system-wide basis for kernel- and user-space code running on the machine. However, once a module is loaded into the kernel, the information about the origin of the kernel module is lost. The module could have come from the
initrdfile on boot up, the directory with the various kernel modules, or a locally created kernel module. As a result, when OProfile records sample for a module, it just lists the samples for the modules for an executable in the root directory, but this is unlikely to be the place with the actual code for the module. You will need to take some steps to make sure that analysis tools get the executable.
To get a more detailed view of the actions of the module, you will need to either have the module "unstripped" (that is installed from a custom build) or have the debuginfo package installed for the kernel.
Find out which kernel is running with the
uname -acommand, obtain the appropriate debuginfo package and install it on the machine.
Then proceed with clearing out the samples from previous runs with the following command:
To start the monitoring process, for example, on a machine with Westmere processor, run the following command:
opcontrol --setup --vmlinux=/usr/lib/debug/lib/modules/`uname -r`/vmlinux --event=CPU_CLK_UNHALTED:500000
Then the detailed information, for instance, for the ext4 module can be obtained with:
opreport /ext4 -l --image-path /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernelCPU: Intel Westmere microarchitecture, speed 2.667e+06 MHz (estimated) Counted CPU_CLK_UNHALTED events (Clock cycles when not halted) with a unit mask of 0x00 (No unit mask) count 500000 warning: could not check that the binary file /lib/modules/2.6.32-191.el6.x86_64/kernel/fs/ext4/ext4.ko has not been modified since the profile was taken. Results may be inaccurate. samples % symbol name 1622 9.8381 ext4_iget 1591 9.6500 ext4_find_entry 1231 7.4665 __ext4_get_inode_loc 783 4.7492 ext4_ext_get_blocks 752 4.5612 ext4_check_dir_entry 644 3.9061 ext4_mark_iloc_dirty 583 3.5361 ext4_get_blocks 583 3.5361 ext4_xattr_get 479 2.9053 ext4_htree_store_dirent 469 2.8447 ext4_get_group_desc 414 2.5111 ext4_dx_find_entry