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13.2.5. Configuring Services: NSS
SSSD provides an NSS module,
sssd_nss, which instructs the system to use SSSD to retrieve user information. The NSS configuration must include a reference to the SSSD module, and then the SSSD configuration sets how SSSD interacts with NSS.
About NSS Service Maps and SSSD
The Name Service Switch (NSS) provides a central configuration for services to look up a number of configuration and name resolution services. NSS provides one method of mapping system identities and services with configuration sources.
SSSD works with NSS as a provider services for several types of NSS maps:
- Passwords (
- User groups (
- Groups (
- Netgroups (
- Services (
Procedure 13.1. Configuring NSS Services to Use SSSD
NSS can use multiple identity and configuration providers for any and all of its service maps. The default is to use system files for services; for SSSD to be included, the
nss_sssmodule has to be included for the desired service type.
- Use the Authentication Configuration tool to enable SSSD. This automatically configured the
nsswitch.conffile to use SSSD as a provider.
~]# authconfig --enablesssd --updateThis automatically configures the password, shadow, group, and netgroups services maps to use the SSSD module:
passwd: files sss shadow: files sss group: files sss netgroup: files sss
- The services map is not enabled by default when SSSD is enabled with
authconfig. To include that map, open the
nsswitch.conffile and add the
sssmodule to the
~]# vim /etc/nsswitch.conf ... services: file
Procedure 13.2. Configuring SSSD to Work with NSS
The options and configuration that SSSD uses to service NSS requests are configured in the SSSD configuration file, in the
- Open the
~]# vim /etc/sssd/sssd.conf
- Make sure that NSS is listed as one of the services that works with SSSD.
[sssd] config_file_version = 2 reconnection_retries = 3 sbus_timeout = 30 services =
- In the
[nss]section, change any of the NSS parameters. These are listed in Table 13.2, “SSSD [nss] Configuration Parameters”.
[nss] filter_groups = root filter_users = root reconnection_retries = 3 entry_cache_timeout = 300 entry_cache_nowait_percentage = 75
- Restart SSSD.
~]# service sssd restart
Table 13.2. SSSD [nss] Configuration Parameters
|entry_cache_nowait_percentage||integer|| Specifies how long |
This configures the entry cache to update entries in the background automatically if they are requested if the time before the next update is a certain percentage of the next interval. For example, if the interval is 300 seconds and the cache percentage is 75, then the entry cache will begin refreshing when a request comes in at 225 seconds — 75% of the interval.
The allowed values for this option are 0 to 99, which sets the percentage based on the
|entry_negative_timeout||integer|| Specifies how long, in seconds, |
|filter_users, filter_groups||string|| Tells SSSD to exclude certain users from being fetched from the NSS database. This is particularly useful for system accounts such as |
|filter_users_in_groups||Boolean|| Sets whether users listed in the |
|debug_level||integer, 0 - 9||Sets a debug logging level.|
NSS Compatibility Mode
NSS compatibility (compat) mode provides the support for additional entries in the
/etc/passwdfile to ensure that users or members of netgroups have access to the system.
To enable NSS compatibility mode to work with SSSD, add the following entries to the
passwd: compat passwd_compat: sss
Once NSS compatibility mode is enabled, the following
passwdentries are supported:
+) or exclude (
-) a specified user from the Network Information System (NIS) map.
+) or exclude (
-) all users in the given netgroup from the NIS map.
+Exclude all users, except previously excluded ones from the NIS map.
For more information about NSS compatibility mode, see the