Red Hat Training

A Red Hat training course is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux

4.10. Configuring Fencing Levels

Pacemaker supports fencing nodes with multiple devices through a feature called fencing topologies. To implement topologies, create the individual devices as you normally would and then define one or more fencing levels in the fencing-topology section in the configuration.
  • Each level is attempted in ascending numeric order, starting at 1.
  • If a device fails, processing terminates for the current level. No further devices in that level are exercised and the next level is attempted instead.
  • If all devices are successfully fenced, then that level has succeeded and no other levels are tried.
  • The operation is finished when a level has passed (success), or all levels have been attempted (failed).
Use the following command to add a fencing level to a node. The devices are given as a comma-separated list of stonith ids, which are attempted for the node at that level.
pcs stonith level add level node devices
The following command lists all of the fencing levels that are currently configured.
pcs stonith level
In the following example, there are two fence devices configured for node rh7-2: an ilo fence device called my_ilo and an apc fence device called my_apc. These commands sets up fence levels so that if the device my_ilo fails and is unable to fence the node, then Pacemaker will attempt to use the device my_apc. This example also shows the output of the pcs stonith level command after the levels are configured.
# pcs stonith level add 1 rh7-2 my_ilo
# pcs stonith level add 2 rh7-2 my_apc
# pcs stonith level
 Node: rh7-2
  Level 1 - my_ilo
  Level 2 - my_apc
The following command removes the fence level for the specified node and devices. If no nodes or devices are specified then the fence level you specify is removed from all nodes.
pcs stonith level remove level [node_id] [stonith_id] ... [stonith_id]
The following command clears the fence levels on the specified node or stonith id. If you do not specify a node or stonith id, all fence levels are cleared.
pcs stonith level clear [node|stonith_id(s)]
If you specify more than one stonith id, they must be separated by a comma and no spaces, as in the following example.
# pcs stonith level clear dev_a,dev_b
The following command verifies that all fence devices and nodes specified in fence levels exist.
pcs stonith level verify