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19.4. Virtualization firewall information

Various ports are used for communication between guests and management utilities.


Any network service on a guest must have the applicable ports open on the guest to allow external access. If a network service on a guest is firewalled it will be inaccessible. Always verify the guests network configuration first.
  • ICMP requests must be accepted. ICMP packets are used for network testing. You cannot ping guests if ICMP packets are blocked.
  • Port 22 should be open for SSH access and the initial installation.
  • Ports 80 or 443 (depending on the security settings on the RHEV Manager) are used by the vdsm-reg service to communicate information about the host.
  • Ports 5634 to 6166 are used for guest console access with the SPICE protocol.
  • Port 8002 is used by Xen for live migration.
  • Ports 49152 to 49216 are used for migrations with KVM. Migration may use any port in this range depending on the number of concurrent migrations occurring.
  • Enabling IP forwarding (net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1) is required for virtual bridge devices. Note that installing libvirt enables this variable so it will be enabled when the virtualization packages are installed unless it was manually disabled.


Note that enabling IP forwarding is not required for physical bridge devices. When a guest is connected through a physical bridge, traffic only operates at a level that does not require IP configuration such as IP forwarding.