3.3. Putting the Configuration Together
After determining which of the preceding routing methods to use, the hardware should be linked together on the network.
The adapter devices on the LVS routers must be configured to access the same networks. For instance if
eth0connects to public network and
eth1connects to the private network, then these same devices on the backup LVS router must connect to the same networks.
Also the gateway listed in the first interface to come up at boot time is added to the routing table and subsequent gateways listed in other interfaces are ignored. This is especially important to consider when configuring the real servers.
After physically connecting together the hardware, configure the network interfaces on the primary and backup LVS routers. This can be done using a graphical application such as system-config-network or by editing the network scripts manually. For more information about adding devices using system-config-network, see the chapter titled Network Configuration in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Deployment Guide. For the remainder of the chapter, example alterations to network interfaces are made either manually or through the Piranha Configuration Tool.
3.3.1. General LVS Networking Tips
Configure the real IP addresses for both the public and private networks on the LVS routers before attempting to configure LVS using the Piranha Configuration Tool. The sections on each topology give example network addresses, but the actual network addresses are needed. Below are some useful commands for bringing up network interfaces or checking their status.
- Bringing Up Real Network Interfaces
- To bring up a real network interface, use the following command as root, replacing N with the number corresponding to the interface (
WarningDo not use the
ifupscripts to bring up any floating IP addresses you may configure using Piranha Configuration Tool (
eth1:1). Use the
servicecommand to start
pulseinstead (see Section 4.8, “Starting LVS” for details).
- Bringing Down Real Network Interfaces
- To bring down a real network interface, use the following command as root, replacing N with the number corresponding to the interface (
- Checking the Status of Network Interfaces
- If you need to check which network interfaces are up at any given time, type the following:
/sbin/ifconfigTo view the routing table for a machine, issue the following command:
220.127.116.11. Troubleshooting Virtual IP Address Issues
There may be instances when an administrator encounters issues during an automatic failover from an active LVS host to the standby host. All of the virtual IP addresses may not activate on the standby host upon failover. This issue can also occur when the standby host is stopped and the primary host is activated. Only when the
pulseservice is manually restarted do all virtual IP addresses activate.
To remedy this issue temporarily, you can run the following command at the root shell prompt:
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/promote_secondaries
Note that this will only temporarily remedy the issue and that the command will not hold through a system reboot.
To permanently remedy this issue, open the
/etc/sysctl.conffile and add the following line:
net.ipv4.conf.all.promote_secondaries = 1