Chapter 2. Installing and supporting languages

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 supports installation of multiple languages and changing of languages based on your requirements. Please only install those languages that you will use as this will save you a significant amount of disk space.
The following languages are supported in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5:
  • East Asian Languages - Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Japanese and Korean.
  • European Languages - French, German, Italian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Russian and Spanish.
  • Indic Languages - Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sinhalese, Tamil and Telugu.
The table below summarizes the currently supported languages, their locales, default fonts installed and packages required for some of the supported languages.

Table 2.1. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 International Languages

Territory Language Locale Fonts Package Names
China Simplified Chinese zh_CN.UTF-8 AR PL (ShanHeiSun and Zenkai) Uni fonts-chinese, scim-pinyin, scim-tables
Japan Japanese ja_JP.UTF-8 Sazanami (Gothic and Mincho) fonts-japanese, scim-anthy
Korea Hangul ko_KR.UTF-8 Baekmuk (Batang, Dotum, Gulim, Headline) fonts-korean, scim-hangul
Taiwan Traditional Chinese zh_TW.UTF-8 AR PL (ShanHeiSun and Zenkai) Uni fonts-chinese, scim-chewing, scim-tables
Brazil Portuguese pt_BR.UTF-8 standard latin fonts
France French ft_FR.UTF-8 standard latin fonts
Germany German de_DE.UTF-8 standard latin fonts
Italy Italy it_IT.UTF-8 standard latin fonts
Russia Russian ru_RU.UTF-8 KOI8-R, fonts-KOI8-R-100dpi, fonts-KOI8-R-75dpi and xorg-x11-fonts-cyrillic fonts-KO18-R, fonts-KO18-R-100 dpi,fonts-KO18-R-75dpi, xorg-x11-fonts-cyrillic
Spain Spanish es_ES.UTF-8 standard latin fonts
India Assamese as_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Bengali fonts-bengali, scim-m17n, m17n-db-assamese
Bengali bn_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Bengali fonts-bengali, scim-m17n, m17n-db-bengali
Gujarati gu_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Gujarati fonts-gujarati, scim-m17n, m17n-db-gujarati
Hindi hi_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Hindi fonts-hindi, scim-m17n, m17n-db-hindi
Kannada kn_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Kannada fonts-kannada, scim-m17n, m17n-db-kannada
Malayalam ml_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Malayalam fonts-malayalam, scim-m17n, m17n-db-malayalam
Marathi mr_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Hindi fonts-hindi, scim-m17n, m17n-db-marathi
Oriya or_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Oriya fonts-oriya, scim-m17n, m17n-db-oriya
Punjabi pa_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Punjabi fonts-punjabi, scim-m17n, m17n-db-punjabi
Tamil ta_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Tamil fonts-tamil, scim-m17n, m17n-db-tamil
Telugu te_IN.UTF-8 Lohit Telugu fonts-telugu, scim-m17n, m17n-db-telugu
Sri Lanka Sinhala si_LK.UTF-8 LKLUG fonts-sinhala, scim-sinhala, scim-m17n, m17n-db-sinhala
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 uses the UTF-8 (8bit Unicode Transformation Format) encoding for supported locales. This allows you to create, edit and view documents written in different locales using UTF-8.

Note

Please note that applications such as KDE and Open Office may use additional files for internationalization.

2.1. Adding language support during installation

During your installation, the installation language you select becomes your default language after installation. The figure below illustrates the language selection window during installation. The selected language affects the default for:
  • user interface,
  • documentation,
  • fonts,
  • date, time formats and locale information,
  • input methods for Asian languages.
These areas will be discussed later in this guide.
Select installation language

Figure 2.1. Select installation language

During installation you can also install support for multiple languages from the package selection window as illustrated below.
Package selection

Figure 2.2. Package selection