Basic Postfix Configuration

By default, Postfix does not accept network connections from any host other than the local host. Perform the following steps as root to enable mail delivery for other hosts on the network:
  • Edit the /etc/postfix/main.cf file with a text editor, such as vi.
  • Uncomment the mydomain line by removing the hash mark (#), and replace domain.tld with the domain the mail server is servicing, such as example.com.
  • Uncomment the myorigin = $mydomain line.
  • Uncomment the myhostname line, and replace host.domain.tld with the hostname for the machine.
  • Uncomment the mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain line.
  • Uncomment the mynetworks line, and replace with a valid network setting for hosts that can connect to the server.
  • Uncomment the inet_interfaces = all line.
  • Comment the inet_interfaces = localhost line.
  • Restart the postfix service.
Once these steps are complete, the host accepts outside emails for delivery.
Postfix has a large assortment of configuration options. One of the best ways to learn how to configure Postfix is to read the comments within the /etc/postfix/main.cf file. Also, with Red Hat Enterprise Linux version 5.9, Postfix provides MySQL maps support which allows Postfix to use a MySQL database and configure various lookup tables for various operations over MySQL databases. For example, the virtual table for handling global mail redirection, the access table for controlling access to an SMTP server and the aliases table for managing system-wide mail redirection. Configuration details and examples, as well as other additional resources including information about LDAP and SpamAssassin integration are available online at http://www.postfix.org/.