Programs that grant users access to a system use authentication to verify each other's identity (that is, to establish that a user is who they say they are).
Historically, each program had its own way of authenticating users. In Red Hat Enterprise Linux, many programs are configured to use a centralized authentication mechanism called Pluggable Authentication Modules
PAM uses a pluggable, modular architecture, which affords the system administrator a great deal of flexibility in setting authentication policies for the system.
In most situations, the default PAM configuration file for a PAM-aware application is sufficient. Sometimes, however, it is necessary to edit a PAM configuration file. Because misconfiguration of PAM can compromise system security, it is important to understand the structure of these files before making any modifications. Refer to Section 48.4.3, “PAM Configuration File Format”
for more information.
48.4.1. Advantages of PAM
PAM offers the following advantages:
a common authentication scheme that can be used with a wide variety of applications.
significant flexibility and control over authentication for both system administrators and application developers.
a single, fully-documented library which allows developers to write programs without having to create their own authentication schemes.