After determining which of the preceding routing methods to use, the hardware should be linked together on the network.
The adapter devices on the LVS routers must be configured to access the same networks. For instance if
eth0 connects to public network and
eth1 connects to the private network, then these same devices on the backup LVS router must connect to the same networks.
Also the gateway listed in the first interface to come up at boot time is added to the routing table and subsequent gateways listed in other interfaces are ignored. This is especially important to consider when configuring the real servers.
After physically connecting together the hardware, configure the network interfaces on the primary and backup LVS routers. This can be done using a graphical application such as system-config-network or by editing the network scripts manually. For more information about adding devices using system-config-network, see the chapter titled Network Configuration in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Deployment Guide. For the remainder of the chapter, example alterations to network interfaces are made either manually or through the Piranha Configuration Tool.
3.3.1. General LVS Networking Tips
Configure the real IP addresses for both the public and private networks on the LVS routers before attempting to configure LVS using the Piranha Configuration Tool. The sections on each topology give example network addresses, but the actual network addresses are needed. Below are some useful commands for bringing up network interfaces or checking their status.
- Bringing Up Real Network Interfaces
To bring up a real network interface, use the following command as root, replacing N with the number corresponding to the interface (
scripts to bring up any floating IP addresses you may configure using Piranha Configuration Tool
). Use the
command to start
instead (see Section 4.8, “Starting LVS”
- Bringing Down Real Network Interfaces
To bring down a real network interface, use the following command as root, replacing N with the number corresponding to the interface (
- Checking the Status of Network Interfaces
If you need to check which network interfaces are up at any given time, type the following:
To view the routing table for a machine, issue the following command: