.fetchmailrcfile in the user's home directory.
.fetchmailrcfile, Fetchmail checks for email on a remote server and downloads it. It then delivers it to port 25 on the local machine, using the local MTA to place the email in the correct user's spool file. If Procmail is available, it is launched to filter the email and place it in a mailbox so that it can be read by an MUA.
220.127.116.11. Fetchmail Configuration Options
.fetchmailrcfile is much easier. Place any desired configuration options in the
.fetchmailrcfile for those options to be used each time the
fetchmailcommand is issued. It is possible to override these at the time Fetchmail is run by specifying that option on the command line.
.fetchmailrcfile contains three classes of configuration options:
- global options — Gives Fetchmail instructions that control the operation of the program or provide settings for every connection that checks for email.
- server options — Specifies necessary information about the server being polled, such as the hostname, as well as preferences for specific email servers, such as the port to check or number of seconds to wait before timing out. These options affect every user using that server.
- user options — Contains information, such as username and password, necessary to authenticate and check for email using a specified email server.
.fetchmailrcfile, followed by one or more server options, each of which designate a different email server that Fetchmail should check. User options follow server options for each user account checking that email server. Like server options, multiple user options may be specified for use with a particular server as well as to check multiple email accounts on the same server.
.fetchmailrcfile by the use of a special option verb,
skip, that precedes any of the server information. The
pollaction tells Fetchmail to use this server option when it is run, which checks for email using the specified user options. Any server options after a
skipaction, however, are not checked unless this server's hostname is specified when Fetchmail is invoked. The
skipoption is useful when testing configurations in
.fetchmailrcbecause it only checks skipped servers when specifically invoked, and does not affect any currently working configurations.
.fetchmailrcfile looks similar to the following example:
set postmaster "user1" set bouncemail poll pop.domain.com proto pop3 user 'user1' there with password 'secret' is user1 here poll mail.domain2.com user 'user5' there with password 'secret2' is user1 here user 'user7' there with password 'secret3' is user1 here
postmasteroption) and all email errors are sent to the postmaster instead of the sender (
setaction tells Fetchmail that this line contains a global option. Then, two email servers are specified, one set to check using POP3, the other for trying various protocols to find one that works. Two users are checked using the second server option, but all email found for any user is sent to
user1's mail spool. This allows multiple mailboxes to be checked on multiple servers, while appearing in a single MUA inbox. Each user's specific information begins with the
.fetchmailrcfile. Omitting the
with password '<password>'section causes Fetchmail to ask for a password when it is launched.
fetchmailman page explains each option in detail, but the most common ones are listed here.