10.5.41.  ScriptAlias

The ScriptAlias directive defines where CGI scripts are located. Generally, it is not good practice to leave CGI scripts within the DocumentRoot, where they can potentially be viewed as text documents. For this reason, a special directory outside of the DocumentRoot directory containing server-side executables and scripts is designated by the ScriptAlias directive. This directory is known as a cgi-bin and is set to /var/www/cgi-bin/ by default.
It is possible to establish directories for storing executables outside of the cgi-bin/ directory. For instructions on doing so, refer to Section 10.5.56, “ AddHandler and Section 10.5.22, “ Directory.