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Chapter 1. Monitoring the database activity

Administrators should monitor the database activity to ensure that tuning settings, such as caches, are properly configured.

1.1. Monitoring the database activity using the command line

To display the monitoring activity using the command line, display the dynamically-updated read-only attributes stored in the cn=monitor,cn=database_name,cn=ldbm database,cn=plugins,cn=config.

Procedure

  • To display the current activity of a database, enter:

    # dsconf -D "cn=Directory Manager" ldap://server.example.com monitor backend userRoot

    This command displays the activity of the userRoot database.

Additional resources

1.2. Monitoring the database activity using the web console

In the web console, Directory Server displays the values of the dynamically-updated read-only monitoring attributes from the cn=monitor,cn=database_name,cn=ldbm database,cn=plugins,cn=config in the `Monitoring´ tab.

Procedure

  1. Navigate to MonitoringDatabasedatabase name.
  2. Display the cache values on the Entry Cache and DN Cache tabs.

Additional resources

1.3. Database monitoring attributes

Table 1.1. Inheritance settings

AttributeDescription

readonly

Indicates whether the database is in read-only mode (1) or in read-write mode (0).

entrycachehits

The total number of successful entry cache lookups. The value is the total number of times the server could retrieve an entry from the entry cache without reloading it from the database.

entrycachetries

The total number of entry cache lookups since you started the instance. The value is the total number, since the instance has been started, Directory Server tried to retrieve entry from the entry cache.

entrycachehitratio

The number of entry cache tries to successful entry cache lookups. This number is based on the total lookups and hits since you last started the instance. The closer the entry cache hit ratio is to 100%, the better.

Whenever an operation attempts to find an entry that is not present in the entry cache, the server needs to access the database to obtain the entry. Thus, as this ratio drops towards zero, the number of disk accesses increases, and directory search performance decreases. To improve this ratio, increase the size of the entry cache of the database.

To improve this ratio, increase the size of the entry cache by increasing the value of the nsslapd-cachememsize attribute in the cn=database_name,cn=ldbm database,cn=plugins,cn=config entry.

currententrycachesize

The total size, in bytes, of directory entries currently present in the entry cache.

To increase the size of the entries which can be present in the cache, increase the value of the nsslapd-cachememsize attribute in the cn=database_name,cn=ldbm database,cn=plugins,cn=config entry.

maxentrycachesize

The maximum size, in bytes, of directory entries that Directory Server can maintain in the entry cache.

To increase the size of the entries which can be present in the cache, increase the value of the nsslapd-cachememsize attribute in the cn=database_name,cn=ldbm database,cn=plugins,cn=config entry.

currententrycachecount

The current number of entries stored in the entry cache of a given backend.

maxentrycachecount

The maximum number of entries stored in the entry cache of a database.

To tune this value, increase the value of the nsslapd-cachesize attribute in the cn=database_name,cn=ldbm database,cn=plugins,cn=config entry.

dncachehits

The number of times the server could process a request by obtaining a normalized distinguished name (DN) from the DN cache rather than normalizing it again.

dncachetries

The total number of DN cache accesses since you started the instance.

dncachehitratio

The ratio of cache tries to successful DN cache hits. The closer this value is to 100%, the better.

currentdncachesize

The total size, in bytes, of DN currently present in the DN cache.

To increase the size of the entries which can be present in the DN cache, increase the value of the nsslapd-dncachememsize attribute in the cn=database_name,cn=ldbm database,cn=plugins,cn=config entry.

maxdncachesize

The maximum size, in bytes, of DNs that Directory Server can maintain in the DN cache.

To increase the size of the entries which can be present in the cache, increase the value of the nsslapd-dncachememsize attribute in the cn=database_name,cn=ldbm database,cn=plugins,cn=config entry.

currentdncachecount

The number of DNs currently present in the DN cache.

maxdncachecount

The maximum number of DNs allowed in the DN cache.