Language and Page Formatting Options
14.6. Using Persistent Search
A persistent search is an
ldapsearchwhich remains open even after the initial search results are returned.
The OpenLDAP client tools with Red Hat Enterprise Linux do not support persistent searches. The server itself, however, does. Other LDAP clients must be used to perform persistent searches.
The purpose of a persistent search is to provide a continuous list of changes to the directory entries as well as the complete entries themselves, something like a hybrid search and changelog. Therefore, the search command must specify what entries to return (the search parameters) and what changes cause an entry to be returned (entry change parameters).
Persistent searches are especially useful for applications or clients which access the Directory Server and provide two important benefits:
- Keep a consistent and current local cache.Any client will query local cache before trying to connect to and query the directory. Persistent searches provide the local cache necessary to improve performance for these clients.
- Automatically initiate directory actions.The persistent cache can be automatically updated as entries are modified, and the persistent search results can display what kind of modification was performed on the entry. Another application can use that output to update entries automatically, such as automatically creating an email account on a mail server for new users or generating a unique user ID number.
There are some performance considerations when running persistent searches, as well:
ldapsearchdoes not send a notification when the client disconnects, and the change notifications are not sent for any changes made while the search is disconnected. This means that the client's cache will not be updated if it is ever disconnected and there is no good way to update the cache with any new, modified, or deleted entries that were changed while it was disconnected.
- An attacker could open a large number of persistent searches to launch a denial of service attack.
- A persistent search requires leaving open a TCP connection between the Directory Server and client. This should only be done if the server is configured to allow a lot of client connections and has a way to close idle connections.
In the access logs, a persistent search is identified with the tag
[12/Jan/2009:12:51:54.899423510 -0500] conn=19636710736396323 op=0 SRCH base="dc=example,dc=com" scope=2 filter="(objectClass=person)" attrs=ALL