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Managing Authentication for CloudForms

Red Hat CloudForms 4.6

Authentication methods for Red Hat CloudForms

Red Hat CloudForms Documentation Team

Abstract

This guide provides instructions for configuring and managing authentication on Red Hat CloudForms. Authentication with CloudForms can be configured using the local database, or authentication systems such as Red Hat Identity Management (IdM), Red Hat Single Sign-On (SSO), Active Directory (AD), or AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM), through protocols such as LDAP and SAML.
If you have a suggestion for improving this guide or have found an error, please submit a Bugzilla report at http://bugzilla.redhat.com against Red Hat CloudForms Management Engine for the Documentation component. Please provide specific details, such as the section number, guide name, and CloudForms version so we can easily locate the content.

Chapter 1. Introduction to Authentication in CloudForms

Red Hat CloudForms provides several methods to authenticate users. Authentication can be configured from CloudForms using the local database, or CloudForms can use protocols such as LDAP and SAML to connect to a pre-configured authentication system such as Red Hat Identity Management (IdM), Red Hat Single Sign-On (SSO), Active Directory (AD), or AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) to use existing user accounts and groups.

This guide provides instructions to configure authentication management in your CloudForms environment as an administrative user.

After completing the setup of an authentication system, users can log in with their credentials.

Note

For further information on managing users, groups, and account roles, see Access Control in General Configuration.

1.1. Configuring Authentication Settings in CloudForms

As the admin user, configure your authentication method from the Authentication tab in the Configuration menu.

To change authentication settings:

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Select your server in the Settings accordion.
  3. Select the Authentication tab.
  4. Use Session Timeout to set the period of inactivity before a user is logged out of the console.
  5. Set the authentication method in Mode from the following methods:

Chapter 2. Configuring LDAP Authentication with IdM and Active Directory

Select LDAP or LDAPS to configure CloudForms authentication using Red Hat Identity Management (IdM), Active Directory, or another identity management service that uses LDAP protocol.

If you choose LDAP or LDAPS as your authentication mode, the required parameters are exposed under LDAP Settings. Be sure to validate your settings before saving them.

Important

This procedure requires a preconfigured authentication system such as Red Hat Identity Management (IdM) or Active Directory (AD) with user groups configured.

LDAP authentication for CloudForms requires group membership to be defined by the LDAP RFC 2307 schema, where group members are listed by name in the member UID attribute.

For more information about Red Hat Identity Management, see the Linux Domain Identity, Authentication, and Policy Guide and related Red Hat Enterprise Linux documentation.

2.1. Configuring LDAP or LDAPS Authentication

To configure CloudForms to use LDAP for authentication:

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Select your server in the Settings accordion.
  3. Select the Authentication tab.
  4. Select a Session Timeout to set the period of inactivity before a user is logged out of the console.
  5. Select LDAP or LDAPS from the Mode list. This exposes additional required parameters under LDAP Settings.
  6. Configure your LDAP Settings (the following example configures an IdM directory server):

    • Use LDAP Host Names to specify the fully qualified domain names of your directory servers. CloudForms will search each host name in order until it finds one that authenticates the user. Note, CloudForms supports using a maximum of three possible LDAP Host Names.
    • Use LDAP Port to specify the port for your directory server. The default is 389 for LDAP and 636 for LDAPS.
    • From the User Type list, select one of the following and configure the values for your directory server:

      • User Principal Name: Type the user name in the format of user@domainname, for example, dbright@acme.com. (In this case, the user would log on as dbright.)
      • Email Address: Logs in with the user’s email address.
      • Distinguished Name (CN=<user>): Uses the common name for the user. Be sure to enter the correct User Suffix and Distinguished Name option for your directory service implementation: for example, cn=dan bright,ou=users,dc=acme,dc=com. (The user logs on as dan bright.)
      • Distinguished Name (UID=<user>): Uses the user ID (UID). Be sure to enter the correct User Suffix and Distinguished Name option for your directory service implementation: for example, uid=dan bright,ou=users,dc=acme,dc=com. (The user logs on as dan bright.)
      • SAM Account Name: User logon for Active Directory clients and servers using legacy Windows versions. You must also configure the Domain Prefix in the next field when selecting this option.
    • Specify the Domain Prefix if you are configuring an Active Directory LDAP host, and selected SAM Account Name as the User Type. This field represents the prefix name in the Active Directory domain. Together with the SAM account name, this constructs the fully qualified user name in the format <domain_prefix>\<user>.
    • Specify the User Suffix, such as acme.com for User Principal Name or cn=users,dc=acme,dc=com for Distinguished Name, in Base DN.

      Note

      The ldapsearch(1) command can be used to get details of your LDAP settings. To get details related to a specific user, run:

      # ldapsearch -D "cn=directory manager" -H ldap://www.acme.com:389 -b "dc=acme,dc=com" -s sub "(objectclass=*)" -w password | grep -i dbright

      To search for your directory server’s distinguished name (DN) values, run:

      # ldapsearch -D "cn=directory manager" -H ldap://www.acme.com:389 -b "dc=acme,dc=com" -s sub "(objectclass=*)" -w password

      Example: LDAP Configuration

      LDAP authentication full

  7. Configure your Role Settings: In both LDAP and LDAPS, you can use groups from your directory service to set the role for the authenticated LDAP user. The LDAP user must be assigned one of the account role groups. See Section 2.3, “Assigning CloudForms Account Roles Using LDAP Groups” for more information.

    • For LDAP users not belonging to a group:

      • Select a CloudForms group from the Default Group for Users list. This default group can be used for all LDAP users who use LDAP for authentication only. Do not select Get User Groups from LDAP, which will hide the Default Group for Users option.
    • For LDAP users belonging to a group:

      • Select Get User Groups from LDAP to retrieve the user’s group membership from LDAP. This looks up all groups in the directory server for the user attempting to log in. This group list is matched against the available groups configured in CloudForms. Once a match is found, the role associated with the matching group identifies the authority the user will have on CloudForms. This requires group names on the directory server to match CloudForms group names. Selecting this box enables user records to be automatically created in CloudForms when a user logs in.

        Important

        If you do not select Get User Groups from LDAP, the user must be defined in the VMDB where the User ID is the same as the user’s name in your directory service typed in lowercase. See Creating a User in General Configuration for steps on creating users.

      • Select Get Groups from Home Forest to use the LDAP groups from the LDAP user’s home forest. This will allow you to discover groups on your directory server and create CloudForms groups based on your directory server’s group names. Any user logging in will be assigned to that group. This option is only displayed when Get User Groups from LDAP is selected.

        Note

        In most environments, it is recommended to select both the Get User Groups from LDAP and Get Groups from Home Forest options.

      • Select Follow Referrals to look up and bind a user that exists in a domain other than the one configured in the LDAP authentication settings.
      • Specify the user name to bind to the directory server in Bind DN. This user must have read access to all users and groups that will be used for CloudForms authentication and role assignment, for example, a service account user with access to all LDAP users (named svc-ldap in this example).
      • Enter the password for the Bind DN user in Bind Password.
  8. Click Validate to verify your settings.
  9. Click Save.

LDAP authentication is now configured in your CloudForms environment.

To assign account roles using LDAP groups, see Section 2.3, “Assigning CloudForms Account Roles Using LDAP Groups”.

2.2. Adding Trusted Forests

Optionally, if a user has group memberships in another LDAP forest, specify the settings to access the memberships in the trusted forest.

When trusted forests are added to the authentication configuration, they are used only for finding groups that a user is a member of. CloudForms will first collect all of the user’s groups from the primary LDAP directory. Then it will collect any additional groups that the user is a member of from all of the configured forests.

The collected LDAP groups are used to match, by name, against the groups defined in CloudForms. The user must be a member of at least one matching LDAP group to be successfully authenticated.

To add another trusted forest:

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Select your server in the Settings accordion.
  3. Select the Authentication tab.
  4. Select Get User Groups from LDAP, and enter all items in the Role Settings area.
  5. In the Trusted Forest Settings area, click green plus (Click to add a new forest).
  6. Enter the LDAP Host Name, select a Mode, and enter an LDAP Port, Base DN, Bind DN, and Bind Password.
  7. Click Save.

After adding other trusted LDAP forests, you can then change the order in which CloudForms looks up the forests for authentication. For instructions, see Section 2.4, “Configuring Lookup Priority for LDAP Groups”.

2.3. Assigning CloudForms Account Roles Using LDAP Groups

After configuring LDAP authentication as described in Chapter 2, Configuring LDAP Authentication with IdM and Active Directory, you can associate CloudForms account roles with your LDAP users. The LDAP directory server defines the groups and users for CloudForms, while CloudForms defines the account roles, and maps the roles to the privileges the LDAP user has.

There are two ways to associate your LDAP groups with CloudForms account roles:

  • Create groups in CloudForms that match your existing LDAP groups by name, and assign the groups account roles; or
  • Create groups on your directory server based on the default account roles in CloudForms.

The users in your LDAP groups then inherit the CloudForms account roles for the LDAP group(s) they are in.

The authentication process then happens as such:

  1. LDAPuser1 attempts to log into CloudForms, so CloudForms queries the directory server to verify it knows LDAPuser1.
  2. The directory server then confirms that it knows LDAPuser1, and provides information about the LDAP groups LDAPuser1 belongs to: Group1.
  3. CloudForms then looks up Group1, and discovers that Group1 is associated with Role1.
  4. CloudForms then associates LDAPuser1 with Group1 in CloudForms, and then allows the user to perform tasks allowable by that role.

2.3.1. Mapping Existing LDAP Groups to CloudForms User Account Roles

This section provides instructions for mapping your existing LDAP groups to account roles in CloudForms. As a result, the users in the LDAP group will then be assigned to the CloudForms roles associated with that group.

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Click the Access Control accordion, then click Groups.
  3. Click 1847 (Configuration), and plus green (Add a new Group) to create a group.
  4. There are two ways to specify the group to use:

    • In the Description field, enter the common name (cn) for your existing LDAP group assigned to users requiring access to CloudForms.
    • Select Look Up LDAP Groups to find a list of groups assigned to a specific user in LDAP, then use the LDAP Group for User list to choose a group.

      1. In User to Look Up, enter the common name (cn) for a user in your LDAP group.
      2. Enter the Username.
      3. In Password, enter the user’s password. Click Retrieve.
  5. Select a Role to map to the group.
  6. Select a Project/Tenant to map to the group.

    Assign LDAP Roles

  7. Select any filters to apply to what this group can view in the Assign Filters area:

    1. In the My Company Tags tab, select tags to limit the user to items containing those tags. The items that have changed show in a blue italicized font.
    2. In the Host & Clusters tab, select the host and clusters to limit the user to. The items that have changed show in a blue italicized font. 2093
    3. In the VMs & Templates tab, select the folders created in your virtual infrastructure to limit the user to. The items that have changed show in a blue italicized font.
  8. Click Add.

To configure the LDAP group lookup priority, see Section 2.4, “Configuring Lookup Priority for LDAP Groups”.

2.3.2. Creating LDAP Groups Based on CloudForms Account Roles

You can also configure access control for LDAP users by creating groups on your directory server based on CloudForms user account roles.

Your LDAP group names must match the account role names in CloudForms. The LDAP users in that group are then automatically assigned to that specific account role.

In your LDAP directory service:

  1. Define a distribution group for one or more of the account roles with the names shown in the table below. This group must be in the LDAP directory source you specified for the server. See Chapter 2, Configuring LDAP Authentication with IdM and Active Directory.

    Directory Service Distribution Group NameAccount Role

    EvmGroup-administrator

    Administrator

    EvmGroup-approver

    Approver

    EvmGroup-auditor

    Auditor

    EvmGroup-consumption_administrator

    Consumption Administrator

    EvmGroup-container_administrator

    Container Administrator

    EvmGroup-container_operator

    Container Operator

    EvmGroup-desktop

    Desktop

    EvmGroup-operator

    Operator

    EvmGroup-security

    Security

    EvmGroup-super_administrator

    Super Administrator

    EvmGroup-support

    Support

    EvmRole-tenant_administrator

    Tenant Administrator

    EvmRole-tenant_quota_administrator

    Tenant Quota Administrator

    EvmGroup-user

    User

    EvmGroup-user_limited_self_service

    User Limited Self Service

    EvmGroup-user_self_service

    User Self Service

    EvmGroup-vm_user

    VM User

  2. Assign each user of your directory service that you want to have access to CloudForms membership to one of these groups.

On your CloudForms appliance:

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Click the Settings accordion, then select your server under Zones.
  3. Click the Authentication tab and enable Get User Groups from LDAP after typing in all of the required LDAP authentication settings. See Chapter 2, Configuring LDAP Authentication with IdM and Active Directory.

2.4. Configuring Lookup Priority for LDAP Groups

CloudForms can have multiple LDAP groups configured, which the appliance will attempt to authenticate with one by one until it succeeds. The lookup priority of these groups can be rearranged.

Note

On initial login, a user’s current group assignment is the highest priority group. User group membership, on subsequent logins, is set as the last assigned group from the prior session.

To configure the order in which CloudForms looks up LDAP groups:

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Click on the Access Control accordion, then click Groups.
  3. Click 1847 (Configuration), and plus green (Edit Sequence of User Groups for LDAP Look Up) to prioritize which group a user will default to if LDAP returns multiple matching groups.
  4. Select one or more consecutive groups and use the arrow buttons to move the user group higher or lower in priority.
  5. Click Save.

2.5. Testing LDAP Configuration

To test that your LDAP or LDAPS group configuration is working correctly with CloudForms:

  1. Log out of the CloudForms user interface.
  2. Log back in as an LDAP user that is assigned to one or more of the matching groups.
  3. Change groups by clicking on the user dropdown menu on the top right of the user interface. The dropdown list will show the groups the user is authorized for.

You can also check the logs in /var/www/miq/vmdb/log/audit.log or /var/www/miq/vmdb/log/evm.log to verify your LDAP configuration is working correctly with the following steps:

  1. Run the following command in a terminal to view the log messages in real time:

    $ tail -f /var/www/miq/vmdb/log/audit.log
  2. Log into the CloudForms user interface as an LDAP user, while checking /var/www/miq/vmdb/log/audit.log for updated status, success, or failure messages. Alternatively, you can test your LDAP configuration by viewing the logs in /var/www/miq/vmdb/log/evm.log with grep, which are more verbose.

2.6. Troubleshooting LDAP Configuration

To test a problematic CloudForms LDAP configuration, run the following command to see if the user been pulled from LDAP with the right group. For example:

# ldapsearch -x -H ldap://ldap-example:389 -LLL \ -b "ou=people,dc=example,dc=com" -s sub \ -D "ui=:userid,ou=People,dc=example,dc=com" -w :password \ "(objectclass=organizationalPerson)

To test if the user belongs to right group, include one of the following lines in the ldapsearch command above:

(&(objectClass=user)(sAMAccountName=yourUserName) (memberof=CN=YourGroup,OU=Users,DC=YourDomain,DC=com))

or

-b "ou=groups, dc=example,dc=com"

Chapter 3. Configuring AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) Authentication

If you choose Amazon AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) as your authentication mode, required parameters are exposed under Amazon Primary AWS Account Settings for IAM (Identity and Access Management). Be sure to validate your settings before saving them.

Note

For further information on AWS Identity and Access Management settings, see the AWS documentation.

To configure CloudForms to use AWS IAM authentication:

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Select your server in the Settings accordion.
  3. Select the Authentication tab.
  4. Use Session Timeout to set the period of inactivity before a user is logged out of the console.
  5. Select Amazon as the authentication method in the Mode list.
  6. Type in an Access Key provided by your Amazon account.
  7. Type in a Secret Key provided by your Amazon account.
  8. Optionally, select Get User Groups from Amazon to retrieve the user’s group membership from Amazon. This is used for mapping a user’s authorization to a CloudForms role.
  9. Click Validate to verify your settings.
  10. Click Save.

Users logging into CloudForms with Amazon authentication enter their own IAM access key as the username and IAM secret access key as the password.

Amazon users must be added as a CloudForms user or belong to an IAM user group added to the list of CloudForms groups.

Chapter 4. Configuring Identity Management (External Authentication) with CloudForms

You can configure CloudForms to use system authentication methods such as Red Hat Identity Management (IdM) or IPA, Red Hat Single Sign-On (SSO), or Active Directory (AD).

This method uses apache (httpd) modules with web browsers to control authentication to CloudForms. It is the recommended authentication method to connect CloudForms with most identity management services.

4.1. Configuring Authentication with IPA

You can configure CloudForms to use IPA with the External Authentication (httpd) option in CloudForms.

When external authentication is enabled, users can log in to the CloudForms appliance using their IPA server credentials. The appliance creates user accounts automatically and imports relevant information from the IPA server.

The appliance contains IPA client software for connecting to IPA servers, but it is not configured by default. External authentication is enabled by configuring it with the appliance console and enabling it the web interface.

Disabling external authentication and returning to internal database authentication also requires steps in both the appliance console and the web user interface.

4.1.1. External Authentication Requirements

  • For an appliance to leverage an IPA server on the network, both the appliance and the IPA server must have their clocks synchronized or Kerberos and LDAP authentication fail.
  • The IPA server must be known by DNS and accessible by name. If DNS is not configured accordingly, the hosts files need to be updated to reflect both IPA server and the appliance on both virtual machines.
  • For users to log in to the appliance using IPA server credentials, they must be members of at least one group on the IPA server which is also defined in the appliance. Navigate to the settings menu, then ConfigurationAccess ControlGroups to administer groups.

4.1.2. Configuring the Appliance for External Authentication

To configure the appliance for external authentication, set up authentication using the appliance console, then select the External Authentication option in the web user interface.

Using the appliance console:

  1. Log in to the appliance console using the user name admin.
  2. The summary screen displays:

    External Auth:  not configured
  3. Press Enter.
  4. Select Configure External Authentication (httpd).
  5. Enter the fully qualified host name of the IPA server, for example ipaserver.test.company.com.
  6. Enter the IPA server domain, for example test.company.com.
  7. Enter the IPA server realm, for example TEST.COMPANY.COM.
  8. Enter the IPA server principal, for example admin.
  9. Enter the password of the IPA server principal.
  10. Enter y to proceed.
Note

If any of the following conditions are true, configuration fails:

  • The IPA server is not reachable by its FQDN
  • The IPA server cannot reach the appliance by its FQDN
  • The time is not synchronized between the appliance and the IPA server
  • The IPA server admin password is entered incorrectly

Alternatively, you can configure external authentication using the appliance_console_cli command instead of using the appliance console menu:

Example 4.1. Configuring External Authentication

$ ssh root@appliance.test.company.com
[appliance]# /bin/appliance_console_cli --host appliance.test.company.com \
                                      --ipaserver ipaserver.test.company.com \
                                      --iparealm TEST.COMPANY.COM \
                                      --ipaprincipal admin \
                                      --ipapassword smartvm1

Finish configuring external authentication using the web user interface:

  1. Log in to the web user interface as an administrative user.
  2. Navigate to the settings menu, then ConfigurationSettingsZoneServerNTP Servers or use the hosting provider of the virtual machine to synchronize the appliance’s time with an NTP server.
  3. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  4. Select your server in the Settings accordion.
  5. Select the Authentication tab.
  6. Select a Session Timeout if required.
  7. Select External (httpd) in the Mode list.
  8. Select Enable Single Sign-On to allow single sign-on using Kerberos tickets from client machines that authenticate to the same IPA server as the appliance.
  9. In the Role Settings area, select Get User Groups from External Authentication (https).
  10. Click Save.

4.1.3. Reverting to Internal Database Authentication

To revert to internal database authentication, first configure authentication using the web user interface, then using the appliance console.

Using the web user interface:

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Select your server in the Settings accordion.
  3. Select the Authentication tab.
  4. Select Database in the Mode list.
  5. Click Save.

Using the appliance console:

  1. Log in to the appliance console using the user name admin.
  2. The summary screen displays:

    External Auth:  Id.server.FQDN
  3. Press Enter.
  4. Select Configure External Authentication (httpd). The currently configured IPA server host name and domain are displayed.
  5. Enter y to remove configuration details for the IPA client.

Example 4.2. Reverting to Internal Database Authentication

$ ssh root@appliance.test.company.com
[appliance]# /bin/appliance_console_cli --uninstall-ipa

4.1.4. Optional Configuration Using the Appliance Console CLI

In addition to using the appliance console, external authentication can optionally be configured and reverted using the appliance console command line interface.

Appliance console CLI command and relevant options include:

/bin/appliance_console_cli --host <appliance_fqdn>
                           --ipaserver <ipa_server_fqdn>
                           --iparealm <realm_of_ipa_server>
                           --ipaprincipal <ipa_server_principal>
                           --ipapassword <ipa_server_password>
                           --uninstall-ipa4.5
--host
Updates the host name of the appliance. If you performed this step using the console and made the necessary updates made to /etc/hosts if DNS is not properly configured, you can omit the --host option.
--iparealm
If omitted, the iparealm is based on the domain name of the ipaserver.
--ipaprincipal
If omitted, defaults to admin.

4.2. Configuring Authentication with Active Directory

This procedure outlines how to configure CloudForms to authenticate against an existing Active Directory (AD) configuration using external HTTP authentication. This provides Active Directory users access to the CloudForms appliance user interface, as well as the REST API.

4.2.1. Connecting CloudForms to an Active Directory Domain

To use an Active Directory domain to authenticate users to CloudForms, configure the following on CloudForms:

  1. Connect to the CloudForms appliance using SSH.
  2. Run realm discover to determine what Active Directory realms are available:

    # realm discover example.com
      type: kerberos
      realm-name: EXAMPLE.COM
      domain-name: example.com
      configured: kerberos-member
      server-software: active-directory
      client-software: sssd
      required-package: oddjob
      required-package: oddjob-mkhomedir
      required-package: sssd
      required-package: adcli
      required-package: samba-common
      login-formats: %U@example.com
      login-policy: allow-realm-logins
  3. Using the above information for your realm, join the Active Directory realm with a user that has enough permissions to be able to browse the directory:

    # realm join example.com -U user
    Password for user: ******
  4. Allow all realm users to log in using realm permit:

    # realm permit --all
  5. Edit the /etc/sssd/sssd.conf file with your Active Directory domain details. Refer to the following example for formatting:

    [domain/example.com]
      ad_domain = example.com
      krb5_realm = EXAMPLE.COM
      realmd_tags = manages-system joined-with-samba
      cache_credentials = True
      id_provider = ad
      krb5_store_password_if_offline = True
      default_shell = /bin/bash
      ldap_id_mapping = True
      use_fully_qualified_names = True
      fallback_homedir = /home/%d/%u
      access_provider = ad
     ldap_user_extra_attrs = mail, givenname, sn, displayname, domainname
    
    [sssd]
    domains = example.com
    config_file_version = 2
    services = nss, pam, ifp
    default_domain_suffix = example.com
    
    [nss]
    homedir_substring = /home
    
    [pam]
    default_domain_suffix = example.com
    
    [ifp]
    default_domain_suffix = example.com
    allowed_uids = apache, root
    user_attributes = +mail, +givenname, +sn, +displayname, +domainname
  6. Restart and enable the sssd service:

    # systemctl restart sssd
    # systemctl enable sssd
  7. Make sure the Kerberos keytab created by realm join above is readable by Apache:

    # chgrp apache /etc/krb5.keytab
    # chmod 640 /etc/krb5.keytab
  8. Copy the following httpd configuration files into the correct respective directories with the following commands:

    # TEMPLATE_DIR="/opt/rh/cfme-appliance/TEMPLATE"
    # cp ${TEMPLATE_DIR}/etc/pam.d/httpd-auth /etc/pam.d/httpd-auth
    # cp ${TEMPLATE_DIR}/etc/httpd/conf.d/manageiq-remote-user.conf /etc/httpd/conf.d/
    # cp ${TEMPLATE_DIR}/etc/httpd/conf.d/manageiq-external-auth.conf.erb /etc/httpd/conf.d/manageiq-external-auth.conf
  9. Edit the /etc/httpd/conf.d/manageiq-external-auth.conf file to point to your Kerberos domain hosted by your Active Directory domain by adding or editing the lines for KrbAuthRealms, Krb5KeyTab and KrbServiceName for your environment:

    <Location /dashboard/kerberos_authenticate>
      AuthType           Kerberos
      AuthName           "Kerberos Login"
      KrbMethodNegotiate On
      KrbMethodK5Passwd  Off
      KrbAuthRealms      example.com
      Krb5KeyTab         /etc/krb5.keytab
      KrbServiceName     Any
      Require            pam-account httpd-auth
    
      ErrorDocument 401  /proxy_pages/invalid_sso_credentials.js
    </Location>
  10. Set the following SELinux booleans:

    # setsebool -P allow_httpd_mod_auth_pam on
    # setsebool -P httpd_dbus_sssd          on
  11. Restart and enable the httpd service:

    # systemctl restart httpd
    # systemctl enable httpd

Complete authentication setup by configuring the following on each appliance with the user_interface or web_services server roles enabled.

From the CloudForms user interface:

  1. Log in to the user interface as an administrative user.
  2. Navigate to the settings menu, then ConfigurationAuthentication.
  3. Select a Session Timeout if required.
  4. Select External (httpd) as the authentication Mode.
  5. Select Enable Single Sign-On to allow single sign-on using Kerberos tickets from client machines that authenticate to the same Active Directory domain as the appliance.
  6. In the Role Settings area, select Get User Groups from External Authentication (httpd).
  7. Click Save.
Important

Make sure the user’s Active Directory groups for the appliance are created and appropriate roles assigned to those groups. See Roles in General Configuration for more information.

CloudForms is now configured to use authentication from your Active Directory domain.

4.2.2. Mapping Active Directory Users to CloudForms User Roles

This section provides instructions for mapping your existing Active Directory (AD) groups to user account roles in CloudForms.

This is done by assigning a CloudForms role to an AD group. When an AD user who is a part of that AD group attempts to log in to CloudForms, they get that role assigned automatically and inherit the permissions from that role. As a result, all users in that AD group will then be assigned the CloudForms role(s) associated with that group.

After configuring CloudForms to connect to an Active Directory domain in Section 4.2.1, “Connecting CloudForms to an Active Directory Domain”, complete the following steps:

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Click the Access Control accordion, then click Groups.
  3. Click 1847 (Configuration), and plus green (Add a new Group) to create a group.
  4. In Group Information, select Look Up External Authentication Groups to find a list of groups assigned to a specific user in Active Directory.
  5. In User to Look Up, enter the user name for a user in your AD group.

    AD userlookup

  6. Click Retrieve to look up details for the user in Active Directory and pull group information for the user. As a result, the AD groups will appear in the LDAP Groups for User drop-down list.
  7. From the list in LDAP Groups for User, select the group you want to associate a CloudForms role with; for example, the cloudforms group.

    Assign AD Roles

  8. Select a Role to map to the group.
  9. Select a Project/Tenant to map to the group.
  10. Click Add.

Any user who is part of cloudforms AD group can now log in to CloudForms with their AD username and password, and they will automatically inherit the permissions for the role you assigned earlier.

To confirm this is configured correctly, log in to the CloudForms user interface with a user in the cloudforms AD group.

To grant an additional user access to the CloudForms server, create the user in Active Directory, then add that user to the cloudforms AD group. When that user attempts to log in to CloudForms, they will automatically inherit the correct permissions for the group.

4.3. Configuring Federated Authentication with SAML

This procedure outlines how to manually configure an appliance to use SAML for federation authentication.

To enable external authentication using SAML, complete the following steps to configure your HTTP server, then your CloudForms appliance.

Note

The current SAML implementation only secures the CloudForms appliance’s web user interface with SAML. The REST API and self service user interface do not currently support SAML.

SAML Requirements

The following is required in order to enable SAML authentication to the appliance:

  • A CloudForms appliance
  • A SAML identity provider (e.g. Red Hat Single Sign-On 7.0 or later)

4.3.1. Configuring Authentication with SAML and Red Hat Single Sign-On (RH-SSO)

While other SAML identity providers can be used with CloudForms, this example procedure covers using Red Hat Single Sign-On (RH-SSO) 7.0, which is implemented using the Apache HTTP server’s mod_auth_mellon module.

Note

For more information about Red Hat Single Sign-On (RH-SSO), see the Red Hat Single Sign-On documentation.

4.3.1.1. Configuring the HTTP Server for SAML Authentication with Red Hat Single Sign-On (RH-SSO)

The Apache HTTP server first must be configured to work with SAML authentication. All SAML-related certificates and keys are accessed from /etc/httpd/saml2/.

  1. Log into the CloudForms appliance as root using SSH, and create the /etc/httpd/saml2/ directory:

    # mkdir -p /etc/httpd/saml2
  2. Copy the httpd remote user and SAML template configuration files to the appliance:

    # TEMPLATE_DIR="/opt/rh/cfme-appliance/TEMPLATE"
    # cp ${TEMPLATE_DIR}/etc/httpd/conf.d/manageiq-remote-user.conf /etc/httpd/conf.d/
    # cp ${TEMPLATE_DIR}/etc/httpd/conf.d/manageiq-external-auth-saml.conf /etc/httpd/conf.d/
    Note

    The following are notable SAML configuration defaults in the manageiq-external-auth-saml.conf file:

    • Identity Provider Files (i.e. Red Hat SSO)

      • Metadata File: /etc/httpd/saml2/idp-metadata.xml
    • Service Provider Files (i.e. mod_auth_mellon)

      • Private Key File: /etc/httpd/saml2/miqsp-key.key
      • Certificate File: /etc/httpd/saml2/miqsp-cert.cert
      • Metadata File: /etc/httpd/saml2/miqsp-metadata.xml

    Other mod_auth_mellon parameters, such as endpoints and protected URLs, must not be modified as the appliance expects them to be defined as such.

  3. Generate the service provider files on the appliance using the Apache HTTP server’s mod_auth_mellon command mellon_create_metadata.sh:

    # cd /etc/httpd/saml2
    # /usr/libexec/mod_auth_mellon/mellon_create_metadata.sh https://<miq-appliance> https://<miq-appliance>/saml2

    The mellon_create_metadata.sh script creates file names based on the appliance URL.

    Note

    If your appliance is behind a load balancer or uses a virtual IP address, use the hostname associated with the VIP. For example: # /usr/libexec/mod_auth_mellon/mellon_create_metadata.sh https://my-haproxy-ka https://my-haproxy-ka/saml2

  4. Rename the files created by the mellon_create_metadata.sh script to match the expected file names from the manageiq-external-auth-saml.conf file:

    # mv https_<miq-appliance>.key  miqsp-key.key
    # mv https_<miq-appliance>.cert miqsp-cert.cert
    # mv https_<miq-appliance>.xml  miqsp-metadata.xml
  5. Now that the service provider’s metadata.xml file has been generated, the service provider definition can be defined in the SAML identity provider. For Red Hat SSO, a realm can be created for one or more appliances with individual clients defined one per appliance, where the client ID is specified as the URL of the appliance.

    To add a client in the Red Hat SSO CloudForms realm:

    1. Select and import the miqsp-metadata.xml file created for mod_auth_mellon.
    2. Set the client ID as https://<miq-appliance>.
    3. Set the client protocol as saml.
  6. Update the client definition for the appliance in Red Hat SSO with the following:

    SettingValue

    Name ID Format

    username

    Valid Redirect URIs

    https://<miq-appliance>/saml2/postResponse

    Assertion Consumer Service POST Binding URL

    https://<miq-appliance>/saml2/postResponse

    Logout Service Redirect Binding URL

    https://<miq-appliance>/saml2/logout

  7. Obtain the identity provider’s idp-metadata.xml metadata file as follows:

    # cd /etc/httpd/saml2
    # curl -s -o idp-metadata.xml \
      http://<redhatSSO-server>:8080/auth/realms/<miq-realm>/protocol/saml/descriptor
  8. In CloudForms, the following change is necessary to the idp-metadata.xml file for SAML logout to work between mod_auth_mellon and Red Hat SSO:

    # vi idp-metadata.xml
    
      ...
      <SingleLogoutService
    <   Binding="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-POST"
    ---
    >   Binding="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:bindings:HTTP-Redirect"
        Location=
      ...
  9. Restart the HTTP server on the appliance:

    # systemctl restart httpd

4.3.1.2. Configuring SAML Authentication in the CloudForms User Interface

After configuring the HTTP server for SAML, update the CloudForms appliance so that user interface can be accessed using SAML authentication.

  1. From the settings menu, select Configuration.
  2. Select your server in the Settings accordion.
  3. Select the Authentication tab.
  4. Select a Session Timeout to set the period of inactivity before a user is logged out of the console.
  5. Set the mode to External (httpd).
  6. Check Enable SAML. This enables the SAML login button on the appliance login screen, then redirects to the SAML protected page for authentication, and supports the SAML logout process.
  7. Check Enable Single Sign-On. With this option enabled, initial access to the appliance’s user interface redirects to the SAML identity provider authentication screen. Logging out from the appliance returns the user to the appliance login screen, allowing them to log in as admin unless Disable Local Login is also checked.
  8. Optional: Check Disable Local Login to disable the admin login to appliance and only allow SAML based authentication. Note that if there are issues with the identity provider or you require admin access to the appliance, you cannot log in through the appliance login screen until you re-enable local login as described in Section 4.3.3, “Re-enabling Local Login (Optional).
  9. Check Get User Groups from External Authentication (httpd).
  10. Click Save.
Important

Ensure the user’s groups are created on the appliance and appropriate roles are assigned to those groups. See SAML Assertions in Section 4.3.2, “SAML Assertions” for more information on the parameters used by the CloudForms appliance.

For example, to configure user groups from your SAML identity provider to work with CloudForms:

  1. In your SAML identity provider, specify your existing user groups in similar format to the following: REMOTE_USER_GROUPS=Administrators;CloudAdministrators;Users
  2. On your CloudForms appliance, create the equivalent groups. See Creating a User Group in General Configuration.
  3. On your CloudForms appliance, assign EVM roles to the groups. See Creating a Role in General Configuration.

Complete the above steps on each appliance in the settings menu, then navigate to ConfigurationAccess Control.

You can now log into your CloudForms appliance using your SAML credentials.

4.3.2. SAML Assertions

To authenticate to the CloudForms appliance using SAML, the following remote user parameters are looked at by the appliance upon a successful login and redirect from the identity provider. These parameters are used by the appliance to obtain group authentication information.

HTTP EnvironmentSAML Assertion

REMOTE_USER

username

REMOTE_USER_EMAIL

email

REMOTE_USER_FIRSTNAME

firstname

REMOTE_USER_LASTNAME

lastname

REMOTE_USER_FULLNAME

fullname

REMOTE_USER_GROUPS

groups

For Red Hat SSO, the above SAML assertions can be defined for the appliance client in Red Hat SSO as mappers.

NameCategoryTypeProperty

username

AttributeStatement Mapper

User Property

username

email

AttributeStatement Mapper

User Property

email

firstname

AttributeStatement Mapper

User Property

firstName

lastname

AttributeStatement Mapper

User Property

lastName

fullname

AttributeStatement Mapper

User Attribute

fullName

groups

Group Mapper

Group List

groups

Important

The fullName attribute was not available in the default database as of this writing and was added as a user attribute.

4.3.3. Re-enabling Local Login (Optional)

If you disabled local login in the CloudForms user interface but need the ability to log in as admin, you can re-enable local login using one of the following methods:

Re-enabling Local Login from the Appliance User Interface

This method requires the identity provider to be available, and the ability to log in as a user with enough administrative privileges to update CloudForms authentication settings.

  1. Log in to the appliance user interface as the administrative user.
  2. From the settings menu, select ConfigurationAuthentication.
  3. Uncheck Disable Local Login.
  4. Click Save.

Re-enabling Local Login from the Appliance Console:

  1. Use SSH to log into the appliance as root.
  2. Run the appliance_console command.
  3. Select Update External Authentication Options.
  4. Select Enable Local Login.
  5. Apply the updates.

Alternatively, log into the appliance as root using SSH, and run the following command:

# appliance_console_cli --extauth-opts local_login_disabled=false

4.4. Troubleshooting External Authentication Configuration

The following are common errors that you may encounter when integrating with IPA:

Error -1 : Kerberos authentication failed: kinit: Cannot contact any KDC for realm

Resolution: Verify on IPA server if you are able to log into the IPA server using same user.

Error-2: [----] W, [2017-09-28T10:05:29.157980 #28902:fa8bc4] WARN -- Failure: MIQ(Authenticator.authenticate) userid: [jdoe] - Authentication failed for userid jdoe: Authentication token is no longer valid; new one required

Resolution: The password has expired. Go to IPA/LDAP server and update your password using kinit <username>.

Error-3: [----] W, [2017-09-28T10:13:10.083614 #28902:fa8bc4] WARN -- Failure: MIQ(Authenticator.block in authorize) userid: [jdoe] - Authentication failed for userid jdoe, unable to match user's group membership to an EVM role

Resolution: You should add the same group to the CloudForms group. Make sure you select Look up External Authentication Groups and enter the group name and user to look up.

4.4.1. Additional Troubleshooting Tips

  • Make an IPA/LDAP host entry in /etc/hosts file on the CloudForms appliance.
  • Make sure NTP synchronization exists between the CloudForms appliance and the IPA server.
  • Check /var/log/krb5kdc.log on the IPA server end and /var/www/miq/vmdb/log/audit.log on the CloudForms appliance end for any other exception.