1.3. A Look at Managing Certificates (Non-TMS)
A conventional PKI environment provides the basic framework to manage certificates stored in software databases. This is a non-TMS environment, since it does not manage certificates on smart cards. At a minimum, a non-TMS requires only a CA, but a non-TMS environment can use OCSP responders and KRA instances as well.
For information on this topic, see the following sections in the Red Hat Certificate System Planning, Installation, and Deployment Guide: