Chapter 6. Minimum hardware recommendations for containerized Ceph

Ceph can run on non-proprietary commodity hardware. Small production clusters and development clusters can run without performance optimization with modest hardware.

ProcessCriteriaMinimum Recommended

ceph-osd-container

Processor

1x AMD64 or Intel 64 CPU CORE per OSD container

RAM

Minimum of 5 GB of RAM per OSD container

OS Disk

1x OS disk per host

OSD Storage

1x storage drive per OSD container. Cannot be shared with OS Disk.

block.db

Optional, but Red Hat recommended, 1x SSD or NVMe or Optane partition or lvm per daemon. Sizing is 4% of block.data for BlueStore for object, file and mixed workloads and 1% of block.data for the BlueStore for Block Device, Openstack cinder, and Openstack cinder workloads.

block.wal

Optionally, 1x SSD or NVMe or Optane partition or logical volume per daemon. Use a small size, for example 10 GB, and only if it’s faster than the block.db device.

Network

2x 1 GB Ethernet NICs, 10 GB Recommended

ceph-mon-container

Processor

1x AMD64 or Intel 64 CPU CORE per mon-container

RAM

3 GB per mon-container

Disk Space

10 GB per mon-container, 50 GB Recommended

Monitor Disk

Optionally, 1x SSD disk for Monitor rocksdb data

Network

2x 1GB Ethernet NICs, 10 GB Recommended

ceph-mgr-container

Processor

1x AMD64 or Intel 64 CPU CORE per mgr-container

RAM

3 GB per mgr-container

Network

2x 1GB Ethernet NICs, 10 GB Recommended

ceph-radosgw-container

Processor

1x AMD64 or Intel 64 CPU CORE per radosgw-container

RAM

1 GB per daemon

Disk Space

5 GB per daemon

Network

1x 1GB Ethernet NICs

ceph-mds-container

Processor

1x AMD64 or Intel 64 CPU CORE per mds-container

RAM

3 GB per mds-container

This number is highly dependent on the configurable MDS cache size. The RAM requirement is typically twice as much as the amount set in the mds_cache_memory_limit configuration setting. Note also that this is the memory for your daemon, not the overall system memory.

Disk Space

2 GB per mds-container, plus taking into consideration any additional space required for possible debug logging, 20GB is a good start.

Network

2x 1GB Ethernet NICs, 10 GB Recommended

Note that this is the same network as the OSD containers. If you have a 10 GB network on your OSDs you should use the same on your MDS so that the MDS is not disadvantaged when it comes to latency.