Chapter 5. Monitor the cluster on the Ceph dashboard

As a storage administrator, you can use Red Hat Ceph Storage Dashboard to monitor specific aspects of the cluster based on types of hosts, services, data access methods, and more.

This section covers the following administrative tasks:

5.1. Monitoring hosts of the Ceph cluster on the dashboard

You can monitor the hosts of the cluster on the Red Hat Ceph Storage Dashboard.

The following are the different tabs on the hosts page:

  • Devices - This tab has details such as device ID, state of health, device name, and the daemons on the hosts.
  • Inventory - This tab shows all disks attached to a selected host, as well as their type, size and others. It has details such as device path, type of device, available, vendor, model, size, and the OSDs deployed.
  • Daemons - This tab shows all services that have been deployed on the selected host, which container they are running in and their current status. It has details such as hostname, daemon type, daemon ID, container ID, container image name, container image ID, version status and last refreshed time.
  • Performance details - This tab has details such as OSDs deployed, CPU utilization, RAM usage, network load, network drop rate, and OSD disk performance statistics.
  • Device health - For SMART-enabled devices, you can get the individual health status and SMART data only on the OSD deployed hosts.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • Hosts are added to the storage cluster.
  • All the services, monitor, manager and OSD daemons are deployed on the storage cluster.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the Dashboard.
  2. From the Cluster drop-down menu, select Hosts.
  3. To view the details of a specific host, click the Expand/Collapse icon on it’s row.
  4. You can view the details such as Devices, Inventory, Daemons, Performance Details, and Device Health by clicking the respective tabs.

    Figure 5.1. Monitoring hosts of the Ceph cluster

    Monitoring hosts of the Ceph cluster

Additional Resources

5.2. Viewing and editing the configuration of the Ceph cluster on the dashboard

You can view various configuration options of the Ceph cluster on the dashboard. You can edit only some configuration options.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • All the services are deployed on the storage cluster.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the Dashboard.
  2. From the Cluster drop-down menu, select Configuration.
  3. Optional: You can search for the configuration using the Search box:
  4. Optional: You can filter for a specific configuration using following filters:

    • Level - Basic, advanced or dev
    • Service - Any, mon, mgr, osd, mds, common, mds_client, rgw, and similar filters.
    • Source - Any, mon, and similar filters
    • Modified - yes or no
  5. To view the details of the configuration, click the Expand/Collapse icon on it’s row.

    Figure 5.2. Configuration options

    Configuration options
  6. To edit a configuration, click its row and click Edit.

    1. In the edit dialog window, edit the required parameters and Click Update.
  7. You get a notification that the configuration was updated successfully.

Additional Resources

5.3. Viewing and editing the manager modules of the Ceph cluster on the dashboard

Manager modules are used to manage module-specific configuration settings. For example, you can enable alerts for the health of the cluster.

You can view, enable or disable, and edit the manager modules of a cluster on the Red Hat Ceph Storage dashboard.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.

Viewing the manager modules

  1. Log in to the Dashboard.
  2. From the Cluster drop-down menu, select Manager Modules.
  3. To view the details of a specific manager module, click the Expand/Collapse icon on it’s row.

    Figure 5.3. Manager modules

    Manager modules

Enabling a manager module

  1. Select the row.
  2. From the Edit drop-down menu, select Enable.

Disabling a manager module

  1. Select the row.
  2. From the Edit drop-down menu, select Disable.

Editing a manager module

  1. Select the row:

    Note

    Not all modules have configurable parameters. If a module is not configurable, the Edit button is disabled.

  2. Edit the required parameters and click Update.
  3. You get a notification that the module was updated successfully.

5.4. Monitoring monitors of the Ceph cluster on the dashboard

You can monitor the performance of the Ceph monitors on the landing page of the Red Hat Ceph Storage dashboard You can also view the details such as status, quorum, number of open session, and performance counters of the monitors in the Monitors tab.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • Monitors are deployed in the storage cluster.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the Dashboard.
  2. From the Cluster drop-down menu, select Monitors.
  3. The Monitors overview page displays information about the overall monitor status as well as tables of in Quorum and Not in quorum Monitor nodes.

    Monitoring monitors of the Ceph cluster
  4. To see the number of open sessions, hover the cursor over the blue dotted trail.
  5. To see performance counters for any monitor, click its host name.

    • View the performance counter of the monitor:

      Monitor performance counters

Additional Resources

  • See the Ceph monitors section in the Red Hat Ceph Storage Operations guide.
  • See the Performance counters in the Red Hat Ceph Storage Administration Guide for more details.

5.5. Monitoring services of the Ceph cluster on the dashboard

You can monitor the services of the cluster on the Red Hat Ceph Storage Dashboard. You can view the details such as hostname, daemon type, daemon ID, container ID, container image name, container image ID, version status and last refreshed time.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • Hosts are added to the storage cluster.
  • All the services are deployed on the storage cluster.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the Dashboard.
  2. From the Cluster drop-down menu, select Services.
  3. To view the details of a specific service, click the Expand/Collapse icon on it’s row.

    Figure 5.4. Monitoring services of the Ceph cluster

    Monitoring services of the Ceph cluster

Additional Resources

  • See the Ceph Orchestrators in the Red Hat Ceph Storage Operations Guide for more details.

5.6. Monitoring Ceph OSDs on the dashboard

You can monitor the status of the Ceph OSDs on the landing page of the Red Hat Ceph Storage Dashboard. You can also view the details such as host, status, device class, number of placement groups (PGs), size flags, usage, and read or write operations time in the OSDs tab.

The following are the different tabs on the OSDs page:

  • Devices - This tab has details such as Device ID, state of health, life expectancy, device name, and the daemons on the hosts.
  • Attributes (OSD map) - This tab shows the cluster address, details of heartbeat, OSD state, and the other OSD attributes.
  • Metadata - This tab shows the details of the OSD object store, the devices, the operating system, and the kernel details.
  • Device health - For SMART-enabled devices, you can get the individual health status and SMART data.
  • Performance counter - This tab gives details of the bytes written on the devices.
  • Performance Details - This tab has details such as OSDs deployed, CPU utilization, RAM usage, network load, network drop rate, and OSD disk performance statistics.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • Hosts are added to the storage cluster.
  • All the services including OSDs are deployed on the storage cluster.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the Dashboard.
  2. From the Cluster drop-down menu, select OSDs.
  3. To view the details of a specific OSD, click the Expand/Collapse icon on it’s row.

    Figure 5.5. Monitoring OSDs of the Ceph cluster

    Monitoring OSDs of the Ceph cluster

    You can view additional details such as Devices, Attributes (OSD map), Metadata, Device Health, Performance counter, and Performance Details by clicking on the respective tabs.

Additional Resources

  • See the Ceph Orchestrators in the Red Hat Ceph Storage Operations Guide for more details.

5.7. Viewing the CRUSH map of the Ceph cluster on the dashboard

You can view the The CRUSH map that contains a list of OSDs and related information on the Red Hat Ceph Storage dashboard. Together, the CRUSH map and CRUSH algorithm determine how and where data is stored. The dashboard allows you to view different aspects of the CRUSH map, including OSD hosts, OSD daemons, ID numbers, device class, and more.

The CRUSH map allows you to determine which node a specific OSD ID is running on. This is helpful if there is an issue with an OSD.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • OSD daemons deployed on the storage cluster.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the Dashboard.
  2. From the Cluster drop-down menu, select CRUSH Map.
  3. To view the details of the specific OSD, click it’s row.

    Figure 5.6. CRUSH Map detail view

    CRUSH Map detail view

Additional Resources

  • For more information about the CRUSH map, see CRUSH administration in the Red Hat Ceph StorageStorage strategies guide.

5.8. Filtering logs of the Ceph cluster on the dashboard

You can view and filter logs of the Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster on the dashboard based on several criteria. The criteria includes Priority, Keyword, Date, and Time range.

You can download the logs to the system or copy the logs to the clipboard as well for further analysis.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • The Dashboard is installed.
  • Log entries have been generated since the Ceph Monitor was last started.
Note

The Dashboard logging feature only displays the thirty latest high level events. The events are stored in memory by the Ceph Monitor. The entries disappear after restarting the Monitor. If you need to review detailed or older logs, refer to the file based logs.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the Dashboard.
  2. From the Cluster drop-down menu, select Logs.

    Figure 5.7. Cluster logs

    Cluster logs
    1. To filter by priority, click the Priority drop-down menu and select either Debug, Info, Warning, Error, or All.
    2. To filter by keyword, enter text into the Keyword field.
    3. To filter by date, click the Date field and either use the date picker to select a date from the menu, or enter a date in the form of YYYY-MM-DD.
    4. To filter by time, enter a range in the Time range fields using the HH:MM - HH:MM format. Hours must be entered using numbers 0 to 23.
    5. To combine filters, set two or more filters.
  3. Click the Download icon or Copy to Clipboard icon to download the logs.

Additional Resources

  • See the Configuring Logging chapter in the Red Hat Ceph StorageTroubleshooting Guide for more information.
  • See the Understanding Ceph Logs section in the Red Hat Ceph StorageTroubleshooting Guide for more information.

5.9. Monitoring pools of the Ceph cluster on the dashboard

You can view the details, performance details, configuration, and overall performance of the pools in a cluster on the Red Hat Ceph Storage Dashboard.

A pool plays a critical role in how the Ceph storage cluster distributes and stores data. If you have deployed a cluster without creating a pool, Ceph uses the default pools for storing data.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • Pools are created

Procedure

  1. Log in to the Dashboard.
  2. On the navigation bar, select Pools.
  3. View the pools list which gives the details of Data protection and the application for which the pool is enabled. Hover the mouse over Usage, Read bytes, and Write bytes for the required details.
  4. To view more information about a pool, click the Expand/Collapse icon on it’s row.

    Figure 5.8. Monitoring pools

    Monitoring pools

Additional Resources

5.10. Monitoring Ceph file systems on the dashboard

You can use the Red Hat Ceph Storage Dashboard to monitor Ceph File Systems (CephFS) and related components. There are four main tabs in File Systems:

  • Details - View the metadata servers (MDS) and their rank plus any standby daemons, pools and their usage,and performance counters.
  • Clients - View list of clients that have mounted the file systems.
  • Directories - View list of directories.
  • Performance - View the performance of the file systems.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • MDS service is deployed on at least one of the nodes.
  • Ceph File System is installed.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the dashboard.
  2. On the navigation bar, click Filesystems.
  3. To view more information about the file system, click the Expand/Collapse icon on it’s row.

    Figure 5.9. Monitoring Ceph File Systems

    Monitoring Ceph File Systems

Additional Resources

5.11. Monitoring Ceph object gateway daemons on the dashboard

You can use the Red Hat Ceph Storage Dashboard to monitor Ceph object gateway daemons. You can view the details, performance counters and performance details of the Ceph object gateway daemons.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • At least one Ceph object gateway daemon configured in the storage cluster.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the dashboard.
  2. On the navigation bar, click Object Gateway.
  3. To view more information about the Ceph object gateway daemon, click the Expand/Collapse icon on it’s row.

    Figure 5.10. Monitoring Ceph object gateway daemons

    Monitoring Ceph object gateway daemons

    If you have configured multiple Ceph Object Gateway daemons, click on Sync Performance tab and view the multi-site performance counters.

Additional Resources

5.12. Monitoring Block device images on the Ceph dashboard.

You can use the Red Hat Ceph Storage Dashboard to monitor and manage Block device images. You can view the details, snapshots, configuration details, and performance details of the images.

Prerequisites

  • A running Red Hat Ceph Storage cluster.
  • Dashboard is installed.
  • A pool with the rbd application enabled is created.
  • An image is created.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the dashboard.
  2. On the navigation bar, click Block.
  3. To view more information about the images, click the Expand/Collapse icon on it’s row.

    Figure 5.11. Monitoring Block device images

    Monitoring Block device images

Additional Resources