Chapter 6. Colocation of containerized Ceph daemons

This section describes:

6.1. How colocation works and its advantages

You can colocate containerized Ceph daemons on the same node. Here are the advantages of colocating some of Ceph’s services:

  • Significant improvement in total cost of ownership (TCO) at small scale
  • Reduction from six nodes to three for the minimum configuration
  • Easier upgrade
  • Better resource isolation

How Colocation Works

You can colocate one daemon from the following list with an OSD daemon (ceph-osd) by adding the same node to the appropriate sections in the Ansible inventory file.

  • Ceph Metadata Server (ceph-mds)
  • Ceph Monitor (ceph-mon) and Ceph Manager (ceph-mgr) daemons
  • NFS Ganesha (nfs-ganesha)
  • RBD Mirror (rbd-mirror)

Additionally, for Ceph Object Gateway (radosgw) or Grafana, you can colocate either with an OSD daemon plus a daemon from the above list, excluding RBD mirror. For example, the following is a valid five node colocated configuration:

NodeDaemonDaemonDaemon

node1

OSD

Monitor

Grafana

node2

OSD

Monitor

RADOS Gateway

node3

OSD

Monitor

RADOS Gateway

node4

OSD

Metadata Server

 

node5

OSD

Metadata Server

 

To deploy a five node cluster like the above setup, configure the Ansible inventory file like so:

Ansible inventory file with colocated daemons

[grafana-server]
node1

[mons]
node[1:3]

[mgrs]
node[1:3]

[osds]
node[1:5]

[rgws]
node[2:3]

[mdss]
node[4:5]

Note

Because ceph-mon and ceph-mgr work together closely they do not count as two separate daemons for the purposes of colocation.

Note

Colocating Grafana with an OSD plus another daemon is only supported with Red Hat Ceph Storage 4.1 and above.

Note

Red Hat recommends colocating the Ceph Object Gateway with OSD containers to increase performance. To achieve the highest performance without incurring an additional cost, use two gateways by setting radosgw_num_instances: 2 in group_vars/all.yml. For more information, see Red Hat Ceph Storage RGW deployment strategies and sizing guidance.

Note

Adequate CPU and network resources are required to colocate Grafana with two other containers. If resource exhaustion occurs, colocate Grafana with a Monitor only, and if resource exhaustion still occurs, run Grafana on a dedicated node.

The Figure 6.1, “Colocated Daemons” and Figure 6.2, “Non-colocated Daemons” images shows the difference between clusters with colocated and non-colocated daemons.

Figure 6.1. Colocated Daemons

containers colocated daemons updated cardinality 2

Figure 6.2. Non-colocated Daemons

containers non colocated daemons updated

When you colocate multiple containerized Ceph daemons on the same node, the ceph-ansible playbook reserves dedicated CPU and RAM resources to each. By default, ceph-ansible uses values listed in the Recommended Minimum Hardware chapter in the Red Hat Ceph Storage Hardware Guide. To learn how to change the default values, see the Setting Dedicated Resources for Colocated Daemons section.

6.2. Setting Dedicated Resources for Colocated Daemons

When colocating two Ceph daemon on the same node, the ceph-ansible playbook reserves CPU and RAM resources for each daemon. The default values that ceph-ansible uses are listed in the Recommended Minimum Hardware chapter in the Red Hat Ceph Storage Hardware Selection Guide. To change the default values, set the needed parameters when deploying Ceph daemons.

Procedure

  1. To change the default CPU limit for a daemon, set the ceph_daemon-type_docker_cpu_limit parameter in the appropriate .yml configuration file when deploying the daemon. See the following table for details.

    DaemonParameterConfiguration file

    OSD

    ceph_osd_docker_cpu_limit

    osds.yml

    MDS

    ceph_mds_docker_cpu_limit

    mdss.yml

    RGW

    ceph_rgw_docker_cpu_limit

    rgws.yml

    For example, to change the default CPU limit to 2 for the Ceph Object Gateway, edit the /usr/share/ceph-ansible/group_vars/rgws.yml file as follows:

    ceph_rgw_docker_cpu_limit: 2
  2. To change the default RAM for OSD daemons, set the osd_memory_target in the /usr/share/ceph-ansible/group_vars/all.yml file when deploying the daemon. For example, to limit the OSD RAM to 6 GB:

    ceph_conf_overrides:
      osd:
        osd_memory_target=6000000000
    Important

    In an hyperconverged infrastructure (HCI) configuration, you can also use the ceph_osd_docker_memory_limit parameter in the osds.yml configuration file to change the Docker memory CGroup limit. In this case, set ceph_osd_docker_memory_limit to 50% higher than osd_memory_target, so that the CGroup limit is more constraining than it is by default for an HCI configuration. For example, if osd_memory_target is set to 6 GB, set ceph_osd_docker_memory_limit to 9 GB:

    ceph_osd_docker_memory_limit: 9g

Additional Resources

  • The sample configuration files in the /usr/share/ceph-ansible/group_vars/ directory

6.3. Additional Resources