Chapter 11. Network policy

11.1. About network policy

As a cluster administrator, you can define network policies that restrict traffic to pods in your cluster.

11.1.1. About network policy

In a cluster using a Kubernetes Container Network Interface (CNI) plug-in that supports Kubernetes network policy, network isolation is controlled entirely by NetworkPolicy objects. In OpenShift Container Platform 4.9, OpenShift SDN supports using network policy in its default network isolation mode.

Note

When using the OpenShift SDN cluster network provider, the following limitations apply regarding network policies:

  • Egress network policy as specified by the egress field is not supported.
  • IPBlock is supported by network policy, but without support for except clauses. If you create a policy with an IPBlock section that includes an except clause, the SDN pods log warnings and the entire IPBlock section of that policy is ignored.
Warning

Network policy does not apply to the host network namespace. Pods with host networking enabled are unaffected by network policy rules.

By default, all pods in a project are accessible from other pods and network endpoints. To isolate one or more pods in a project, you can create NetworkPolicy objects in that project to indicate the allowed incoming connections. Project administrators can create and delete NetworkPolicy objects within their own project.

If a pod is matched by selectors in one or more NetworkPolicy objects, then the pod will accept only connections that are allowed by at least one of those NetworkPolicy objects. A pod that is not selected by any NetworkPolicy objects is fully accessible.

The following example NetworkPolicy objects demonstrate supporting different scenarios:

  • Deny all traffic:

    To make a project deny by default, add a NetworkPolicy object that matches all pods but accepts no traffic:

    kind: NetworkPolicy
    apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
    metadata:
      name: deny-by-default
    spec:
      podSelector: {}
      ingress: []
  • Only allow connections from the OpenShift Container Platform Ingress Controller:

    To make a project allow only connections from the OpenShift Container Platform Ingress Controller, add the following NetworkPolicy object.

    apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
    kind: NetworkPolicy
    metadata:
      name: allow-from-openshift-ingress
    spec:
      ingress:
      - from:
        - namespaceSelector:
            matchLabels:
              network.openshift.io/policy-group: ingress
      podSelector: {}
      policyTypes:
      - Ingress
  • Only accept connections from pods within a project:

    To make pods accept connections from other pods in the same project, but reject all other connections from pods in other projects, add the following NetworkPolicy object:

    kind: NetworkPolicy
    apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
    metadata:
      name: allow-same-namespace
    spec:
      podSelector: {}
      ingress:
      - from:
        - podSelector: {}
  • Only allow HTTP and HTTPS traffic based on pod labels:

    To enable only HTTP and HTTPS access to the pods with a specific label (role=frontend in following example), add a NetworkPolicy object similar to the following:

    kind: NetworkPolicy
    apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
    metadata:
      name: allow-http-and-https
    spec:
      podSelector:
        matchLabels:
          role: frontend
      ingress:
      - ports:
        - protocol: TCP
          port: 80
        - protocol: TCP
          port: 443
  • Accept connections by using both namespace and pod selectors:

    To match network traffic by combining namespace and pod selectors, you can use a NetworkPolicy object similar to the following:

    kind: NetworkPolicy
    apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
    metadata:
      name: allow-pod-and-namespace-both
    spec:
      podSelector:
        matchLabels:
          name: test-pods
      ingress:
        - from:
          - namespaceSelector:
              matchLabels:
                project: project_name
            podSelector:
              matchLabels:
                name: test-pods

NetworkPolicy objects are additive, which means you can combine multiple NetworkPolicy objects together to satisfy complex network requirements.

For example, for the NetworkPolicy objects defined in previous samples, you can define both allow-same-namespace and allow-http-and-https policies within the same project. Thus allowing the pods with the label role=frontend, to accept any connection allowed by each policy. That is, connections on any port from pods in the same namespace, and connections on ports 80 and 443 from pods in any namespace.

11.1.2. Optimizations for network policy

Use a network policy to isolate pods that are differentiated from one another by labels within a namespace.

Note

The guidelines for efficient use of network policy rules applies to only the OpenShift SDN cluster network provider.

It is inefficient to apply NetworkPolicy objects to large numbers of individual pods in a single namespace. Pod labels do not exist at the IP address level, so a network policy generates a separate Open vSwitch (OVS) flow rule for every possible link between every pod selected with a podSelector.

For example, if the spec podSelector and the ingress podSelector within a NetworkPolicy object each match 200 pods, then 40,000 (200*200) OVS flow rules are generated. This might slow down a node.

When designing your network policy, refer to the following guidelines:

  • Reduce the number of OVS flow rules by using namespaces to contain groups of pods that need to be isolated.

    NetworkPolicy objects that select a whole namespace, by using the namespaceSelector or an empty podSelector, generate only a single OVS flow rule that matches the VXLAN virtual network ID (VNID) of the namespace.

  • Keep the pods that do not need to be isolated in their original namespace, and move the pods that require isolation into one or more different namespaces.
  • Create additional targeted cross-namespace network policies to allow the specific traffic that you do want to allow from the isolated pods.

11.1.3. Next steps

11.1.4. Additional resources

11.2. Logging network policy events

As a cluster administrator, you can configure network policy audit logging for your cluster and enable logging for one or more namespaces.

Note

Audit logging of network policies is available for only the OVN-Kubernetes cluster network provider.

11.2.1. Network policy audit logging

The OVN-Kubernetes cluster network provider uses Open Virtual Network (OVN) ACLs to manage network policy. Audit logging exposes allow and deny ACL events.

You can configure the destination for network policy audit logs, such as a syslog server or a UNIX domain socket. Regardless of any additional configuration, an audit log is always saved to /var/log/ovn/acl-audit-log.log on each OVN-Kubernetes pod in the cluster.

Network policy audit logging is enabled per namespace by annotating the namespace with the k8s.ovn.org/acl-logging key as in the following example:

Example namespace annotation

kind: Namespace
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: example1
  annotations:
    k8s.ovn.org/acl-logging: |-
      {
        "deny": "info",
        "allow": "info"
      }

The logging format is compatible with syslog as defined by RFC5424. The syslog facility is configurable and defaults to local0. An example log entry might resemble the following:

Example ACL deny log entry

2021-06-13T19:33:11.590Z|00005|acl_log(ovn_pinctrl0)|INFO|name="verify-audit-logging_deny-all", verdict=drop, severity=alert: icmp,vlan_tci=0x0000,dl_src=0a:58:0a:80:02:39,dl_dst=0a:58:0a:80:02:37,nw_src=10.128.2.57,nw_dst=10.128.2.55,nw_tos=0,nw_ecn=0,nw_ttl=64,icmp_type=8,icmp_code=0

The following table describes namespace annotation values:

Table 11.1. Network policy audit logging namespace annotation

AnnotationValue

k8s.ovn.org/acl-logging

You must specify at least one of allow, deny, or both to enable network policy audit logging for a namespace.

deny
Optional: Specify alert, warning, notice, info, or debug.
allow
Optional: Specify alert, warning, notice, info, or debug.

11.2.2. Network policy audit configuration

The configuration for audit logging is specified as part of the OVN-Kubernetes cluster network provider configuration. The following YAML illustrates default values for network policy audit logging feature.

Audit logging configuration

apiVersion: operator.openshift.io/v1
kind: Network
metadata:
  name: cluster
spec:
  defaultNetwork:
    ovnKubernetesConfig:
      policyAuditConfig:
        destination: "null"
        maxFileSize: 50
        rateLimit: 20
        syslogFacility: local0

The following table describes the configuration fields for network policy audit logging.

Table 11.2. policyAuditConfig object

FieldTypeDescription

rateLimit

integer

The maximum number of messages to generate every second per node. The default value is 20 messages per second.

maxFileSize

integer

The maximum size for the audit log in bytes. The default value is 50000000 or 50 MB.

destination

string

One of the following additional audit log targets:

libc
The libc syslog() function of the journald process on the host.
udp:<host>:<port>
A syslog server. Replace <host>:<port> with the host and port of the syslog server.
unix:<file>
A Unix Domain Socket file specified by <file>.
null
Do not send the audit logs to any additional target.

syslogFacility

string

The syslog facility, such as kern, as defined by RFC5424. The default value is local0.

11.2.3. Configuring network policy auditing for a cluster

As a cluster administrator, you can customize network policy audit logging for your cluster.

Prerequisites

  • Install the OpenShift CLI (oc).
  • Log in to the cluster with a user with cluster-admin privileges.

Procedure

  • To customize the network policy audit logging configuration, enter the following command:

    $ oc edit network.operator.openshift.io/cluster
    Tip

    You can alternatively customize and apply the following YAML to configure audit logging:

    apiVersion: operator.openshift.io/v1
    kind: Network
    metadata:
      name: cluster
    spec:
      defaultNetwork:
        ovnKubernetesConfig:
          policyAuditConfig:
            destination: "null"
            maxFileSize: 50
            rateLimit: 20
            syslogFacility: local0

Verification

  1. To create a namespace with network policies complete the following steps:

    1. Create a namespace for verification:

      $ cat <<EOF| oc create -f -
      kind: Namespace
      apiVersion: v1
      metadata:
        name: verify-audit-logging
        annotations:
          k8s.ovn.org/acl-logging: '{ "deny": "alert", "allow": "alert" }'
      EOF

      Example output

      namespace/verify-audit-logging created

    2. Enable audit logging:

      $ oc annotate namespace verify-audit-logging k8s.ovn.org/acl-logging='{ "deny": "alert", "allow": "alert" }'
      namespace/verify-audit-logging annotated
    3. Create network policies for the namespace:

      $ cat <<EOF| oc create -n verify-audit-logging -f -
      apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      kind: NetworkPolicy
      metadata:
        name: deny-all
      spec:
        podSelector:
          matchLabels:
        policyTypes:
        - Ingress
        - Egress
      ---
      apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      kind: NetworkPolicy
      metadata:
        name: allow-from-same-namespace
      spec:
        podSelector: {}
        policyTypes:
         - Ingress
         - Egress
        ingress:
          - from:
              - podSelector: {}
        egress:
          - to:
             - namespaceSelector:
                matchLabels:
                  namespace: verify-audit-logging
      EOF

      Example output

      networkpolicy.networking.k8s.io/deny-all created
      networkpolicy.networking.k8s.io/allow-from-same-namespace created

  2. Create a pod for source traffic in the default namespace:

    $ cat <<EOF| oc create -n default -f -
    apiVersion: v1
    kind: Pod
    metadata:
      name: client
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: client
          image: registry.access.redhat.com/rhel7/rhel-tools
          command: ["/bin/sh", "-c"]
          args:
            ["sleep inf"]
    EOF
  3. Create two pods in the verify-audit-logging namespace:

    $ for name in client server; do
    cat <<EOF| oc create -n verify-audit-logging -f -
    apiVersion: v1
    kind: Pod
    metadata:
      name: ${name}
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: ${name}
          image: registry.access.redhat.com/rhel7/rhel-tools
          command: ["/bin/sh", "-c"]
          args:
            ["sleep inf"]
    EOF
    done

    Example output

    pod/client created
    pod/server created

  4. To generate traffic and produce network policy audit log entries, complete the following steps:

    1. Obtain the IP address for pod named server in the verify-audit-logging namespace:

      $ POD_IP=$(oc get pods server -n verify-audit-logging -o jsonpath='{.status.podIP}')
    2. Ping the IP address from the previous command from the pod named client in the default namespace and confirm that all packets are dropped:

      $ oc exec -it client -n default -- /bin/ping -c 2 $POD_IP

      Example output

      PING 10.128.2.55 (10.128.2.55) 56(84) bytes of data.
      
      --- 10.128.2.55 ping statistics ---
      2 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 2041ms

    3. Ping the IP address saved in the POD_IP shell environment variable from the pod named client in the verify-audit-logging namespace and confirm that all packets are allowed:

      $ oc exec -it client -n verify-audit-logging -- /bin/ping -c 2 $POD_IP

      Example output

      PING 10.128.0.86 (10.128.0.86) 56(84) bytes of data.
      64 bytes from 10.128.0.86: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=2.21 ms
      64 bytes from 10.128.0.86: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.440 ms
      
      --- 10.128.0.86 ping statistics ---
      2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1001ms
      rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.440/1.329/2.219/0.890 ms

  5. Display the latest entries in the network policy audit log:

    $ for pod in $(oc get pods -n openshift-ovn-kubernetes -l app=ovnkube-node --no-headers=true | awk '{ print $1 }') ; do
        oc exec -it $pod -n openshift-ovn-kubernetes -- tail -4 /var/log/ovn/acl-audit-log.log
      done

    Example output

    Defaulting container name to ovn-controller.
    Use 'oc describe pod/ovnkube-node-hdb8v -n openshift-ovn-kubernetes' to see all of the containers in this pod.
    2021-06-13T19:33:11.590Z|00005|acl_log(ovn_pinctrl0)|INFO|name="verify-audit-logging_deny-all", verdict=drop, severity=alert: icmp,vlan_tci=0x0000,dl_src=0a:58:0a:80:02:39,dl_dst=0a:58:0a:80:02:37,nw_src=10.128.2.57,nw_dst=10.128.2.55,nw_tos=0,nw_ecn=0,nw_ttl=64,icmp_type=8,icmp_code=0
    2021-06-13T19:33:12.614Z|00006|acl_log(ovn_pinctrl0)|INFO|name="verify-audit-logging_deny-all", verdict=drop, severity=alert: icmp,vlan_tci=0x0000,dl_src=0a:58:0a:80:02:39,dl_dst=0a:58:0a:80:02:37,nw_src=10.128.2.57,nw_dst=10.128.2.55,nw_tos=0,nw_ecn=0,nw_ttl=64,icmp_type=8,icmp_code=0
    2021-06-13T19:44:10.037Z|00007|acl_log(ovn_pinctrl0)|INFO|name="verify-audit-logging_allow-from-same-namespace_0", verdict=allow, severity=alert: icmp,vlan_tci=0x0000,dl_src=0a:58:0a:80:02:3b,dl_dst=0a:58:0a:80:02:3a,nw_src=10.128.2.59,nw_dst=10.128.2.58,nw_tos=0,nw_ecn=0,nw_ttl=64,icmp_type=8,icmp_code=0
    2021-06-13T19:44:11.037Z|00008|acl_log(ovn_pinctrl0)|INFO|name="verify-audit-logging_allow-from-same-namespace_0", verdict=allow, severity=alert: icmp,vlan_tci=0x0000,dl_src=0a:58:0a:80:02:3b,dl_dst=0a:58:0a:80:02:3a,nw_src=10.128.2.59,nw_dst=10.128.2.58,nw_tos=0,nw_ecn=0,nw_ttl=64,icmp_type=8,icmp_code=0

11.2.4. Enabling network policy audit logging for a namespace

As a cluster administrator, you can enable network policy audit logging for a namespace.

Prerequisites

  • Install the OpenShift CLI (oc).
  • Log in to the cluster with a user with cluster-admin privileges.

Procedure

  • To enable network policy audit logging for a namespace, enter the following command:

    $ oc annotate namespace <namespace> \
      k8s.ovn.org/acl-logging='{ "deny": "alert", "allow": "notice" }'

    where:

    <namespace>
    Specifies the name of the namespace.
    Tip

    You can alternatively apply the following YAML to enable audit logging:

    kind: Namespace
    apiVersion: v1
    metadata:
      name: <namespace>
      annotations:
        k8s.ovn.org/acl-logging: |-
          {
            "deny": "alert",
            "allow": "notice"
          }

    Example output

    namespace/verify-audit-logging annotated

Verification

  • Display the latest entries in the network policy audit log:

    $ for pod in $(oc get pods -n openshift-ovn-kubernetes -l app=ovnkube-node --no-headers=true | awk '{ print $1 }') ; do
        oc exec -it $pod -n openshift-ovn-kubernetes -- tail -4 /var/log/ovn/acl-audit-log.log
      done

    Example output

    2021-06-13T19:33:11.590Z|00005|acl_log(ovn_pinctrl0)|INFO|name="verify-audit-logging_deny-all", verdict=drop, severity=alert: icmp,vlan_tci=0x0000,dl_src=0a:58:0a:80:02:39,dl_dst=0a:58:0a:80:02:37,nw_src=10.128.2.57,nw_dst=10.128.2.55,nw_tos=0,nw_ecn=0,nw_ttl=64,icmp_type=8,icmp_code=0

11.2.5. Disabling network policy audit logging for a namespace

As a cluster administrator, you can disable network policy audit logging for a namespace.

Prerequisites

  • Install the OpenShift CLI (oc).
  • Log in to the cluster with a user with cluster-admin privileges.

Procedure

  • To disable network policy audit logging for a namespace, enter the following command:

    $ annotate --overwrite namespace <namespace> k8s.ovn.org/acl-logging={}

    where:

    <namespace>
    Specifies the name of the namespace.
    Tip

    You can alternatively apply the following YAML to disable audit logging:

    kind: Namespace
    apiVersion: v1
    metadata:
      name: <namespace>
      annotations:
        k8s.ovn.org/acl-logging: null

    Example output

    namespace/verify-audit-logging annotated

11.2.6. Additional resources

11.3. Creating a network policy

As a user with the admin role, you can create a network policy for a namespace.

11.3.1. Creating a network policy

To define granular rules describing ingress or egress network traffic allowed for namespaces in your cluster, you can create a network policy.

Note

If you log in with a user with the cluster-admin role, then you can create a network policy in any namespace in the cluster.

Prerequisites

  • Your cluster uses a cluster network provider that supports NetworkPolicy objects, such as the OVN-Kubernetes network provider or the OpenShift SDN network provider with mode: NetworkPolicy set. This mode is the default for OpenShift SDN.
  • You installed the OpenShift CLI (oc).
  • You are logged in to the cluster with a user with admin privileges.
  • You are working in the namespace that the network policy applies to.
  • Your cluster is using a cluster network provider that supports NetworkPolicy objects, such as the OpenShift SDN network provider with mode: NetworkPolicy set. This mode is the default for OpenShift SDN.

Procedure

  1. Create a policy rule:

    1. Create a <policy_name>.yaml file:

      $ touch <policy_name>.yaml

      where:

      <policy_name>
      Specifies the network policy file name.
    2. Define a network policy in the file that you just created, such as in the following examples:

      Deny ingress from all pods in all namespaces

      kind: NetworkPolicy
      apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      metadata:
        name: deny-by-default
      spec:
        podSelector:
        ingress: []

    .Allow ingress from all pods in the same namespace

    kind: NetworkPolicy
    apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
    metadata:
      name: allow-same-namespace
    spec:
      podSelector:
      ingress:
      - from:
        - podSelector: {}
  2. To create the network policy object, enter the following command:

    $ oc apply -f <policy_name>.yaml -n <namespace>

    where:

    <policy_name>
    Specifies the network policy file name.
    <namespace>
    Optional: Specifies the namespace if the object is defined in a different namespace than the current namespace.

    Example output

    networkpolicy.networking.k8s.io/default-deny created

Note

If you log in with a user with the cluster-admin role in the console, then you have a choice of creating a network policy in any namespace in the cluster directly from the YAML view or from a form in the web console.

11.3.2. Example NetworkPolicy object

The following annotates an example NetworkPolicy object:

kind: NetworkPolicy
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: allow-27107 1
spec:
  podSelector: 2
    matchLabels:
      app: mongodb
  ingress:
  - from:
    - podSelector: 3
        matchLabels:
          app: app
    ports: 4
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 27017
1
The name of the NetworkPolicy object.
2
A selector describing the pods the policy applies to. The policy object can only select pods in the project that the NetworkPolicy object is defined.
3
A selector matching the pods that the policy object allows ingress traffic from. The selector will match pods in any project.
4
A list of one or more destination ports to accept traffic on.

11.3.3. Additional resources

11.4. Viewing a network policy

As a user with the admin role, you can view a network policy for a namespace.

11.4.1. Viewing network policies

You can examine the network policies in a namespace.

Note

If you log in with a user with the cluster-admin role, then you can view any network policy in the cluster.

Prerequisites

  • You installed the OpenShift CLI (oc).
  • You are logged in to the cluster with a user with admin privileges.
  • You are working in the namespace where the network policy exists.

Procedure

  • List network policies in a namespace:

    • To view network policy objects defined in a namespace, enter the following command:

      $ oc get networkpolicy
    • Optional: To examine a specific network policy, enter the following command:

      $ oc describe networkpolicy <policy_name> -n <namespace>

      where:

      <policy_name>
      Specifies the name of the network policy to inspect.
      <namespace>
      Optional: Specifies the namespace if the object is defined in a different namespace than the current namespace.

      For example:

      $ oc describe networkpolicy allow-same-namespace

      Output for oc describe command

      Name:         allow-same-namespace
      Namespace:    ns1
      Created on:   2021-05-24 22:28:56 -0400 EDT
      Labels:       <none>
      Annotations:  <none>
      Spec:
        PodSelector:     <none> (Allowing the specific traffic to all pods in this namespace)
        Allowing ingress traffic:
          To Port: <any> (traffic allowed to all ports)
          From:
            PodSelector: <none>
        Not affecting egress traffic
        Policy Types: Ingress

11.4.2. Example NetworkPolicy object

The following annotates an example NetworkPolicy object:

kind: NetworkPolicy
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: allow-27107 1
spec:
  podSelector: 2
    matchLabels:
      app: mongodb
  ingress:
  - from:
    - podSelector: 3
        matchLabels:
          app: app
    ports: 4
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 27017
1
The name of the NetworkPolicy object.
2
A selector describing the pods the policy applies to. The policy object can only select pods in the project that the NetworkPolicy object is defined.
3
A selector matching the pods that the policy object allows ingress traffic from. The selector will match pods in any project.
4
A list of one or more destination ports to accept traffic on.

11.5. Editing a network policy

As a user with the admin role, you can edit an existing network policy for a namespace.

11.5.1. Editing a network policy

You can edit a network policy in a namespace.

Note

If you log in with a user with the cluster-admin role, then you can edit a network policy in any namespace in the cluster.

Prerequisites

  • Your cluster uses a cluster network provider that supports NetworkPolicy objects, such as the OVN-Kubernetes network provider or the OpenShift SDN network provider with mode: NetworkPolicy set. This mode is the default for OpenShift SDN.
  • You installed the OpenShift CLI (oc).
  • You are logged in to the cluster with a user with admin privileges.
  • You are working in the namespace where the network policy exists.

Procedure

  1. Optional: To list the network policy objects in a namespace, enter the following command:

    $ oc get networkpolicy

    where:

    <namespace>
    Optional: Specifies the namespace if the object is defined in a different namespace than the current namespace.
  2. Edit the network policy object.

    • If you saved the network policy definition in a file, edit the file and make any necessary changes, and then enter the following command.

      $ oc apply -n <namespace> -f <policy_file>.yaml

      where:

      <namespace>
      Optional: Specifies the namespace if the object is defined in a different namespace than the current namespace.
      <policy_file>
      Specifies the name of the file containing the network policy.
    • If you need to update the network policy object directly, enter the following command:

      $ oc edit networkpolicy <policy_name> -n <namespace>

      where:

      <policy_name>
      Specifies the name of the network policy.
      <namespace>
      Optional: Specifies the namespace if the object is defined in a different namespace than the current namespace.
  3. Confirm that the network policy object is updated.

    $ oc describe networkpolicy <policy_name> -n <namespace>

    where:

    <policy_name>
    Specifies the name of the network policy.
    <namespace>
    Optional: Specifies the namespace if the object is defined in a different namespace than the current namespace.

11.5.2. Example NetworkPolicy object

The following annotates an example NetworkPolicy object:

kind: NetworkPolicy
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: allow-27107 1
spec:
  podSelector: 2
    matchLabels:
      app: mongodb
  ingress:
  - from:
    - podSelector: 3
        matchLabels:
          app: app
    ports: 4
    - protocol: TCP
      port: 27017
1
The name of the NetworkPolicy object.
2
A selector describing the pods the policy applies to. The policy object can only select pods in the project that the NetworkPolicy object is defined.
3
A selector matching the pods that the policy object allows ingress traffic from. The selector will match pods in any project.
4
A list of one or more destination ports to accept traffic on.

11.5.3. Additional resources

11.6. Deleting a network policy

As a user with the admin role, you can delete a network policy from a namespace.

11.6.1. Deleting a network policy

You can delete a network policy in a namespace.

Note

If you log in with a user with the cluster-admin role, then you can delete any network policy in the cluster.

Prerequisites

  • Your cluster uses a cluster network provider that supports NetworkPolicy objects, such as the OVN-Kubernetes network provider or the OpenShift SDN network provider with mode: NetworkPolicy set. This mode is the default for OpenShift SDN.
  • You installed the OpenShift CLI (oc).
  • You are logged in to the cluster with a user with admin privileges.
  • You are working in the namespace where the network policy exists.

Procedure

  • To delete a network policy object, enter the following command:

    $ oc delete networkpolicy <policy_name> -n <namespace>

    where:

    <policy_name>
    Specifies the name of the network policy.
    <namespace>
    Optional: Specifies the namespace if the object is defined in a different namespace than the current namespace.

    Example output

    networkpolicy.networking.k8s.io/default-deny deleted

11.7. Defining a default network policy for projects

As a cluster administrator, you can modify the new project template to automatically include network policies when you create a new project. If you do not yet have a customized template for new projects, you must first create one.

11.7.1. Modifying the template for new projects

As a cluster administrator, you can modify the default project template so that new projects are created using your custom requirements.

To create your own custom project template:

Procedure

  1. Log in as a user with cluster-admin privileges.
  2. Generate the default project template:

    $ oc adm create-bootstrap-project-template -o yaml > template.yaml
  3. Use a text editor to modify the generated template.yaml file by adding objects or modifying existing objects.
  4. The project template must be created in the openshift-config namespace. Load your modified template:

    $ oc create -f template.yaml -n openshift-config
  5. Edit the project configuration resource using the web console or CLI.

    • Using the web console:

      1. Navigate to the AdministrationCluster Settings page.
      2. Click Configuration to view all configuration resources.
      3. Find the entry for Project and click Edit YAML.
    • Using the CLI:

      1. Edit the project.config.openshift.io/cluster resource:

        $ oc edit project.config.openshift.io/cluster
  6. Update the spec section to include the projectRequestTemplate and name parameters, and set the name of your uploaded project template. The default name is project-request.

    Project configuration resource with custom project template

    apiVersion: config.openshift.io/v1
    kind: Project
    metadata:
      ...
    spec:
      projectRequestTemplate:
        name: <template_name>

  7. After you save your changes, create a new project to verify that your changes were successfully applied.

11.7.2. Adding network policies to the new project template

As a cluster administrator, you can add network policies to the default template for new projects. OpenShift Container Platform will automatically create all the NetworkPolicy objects specified in the template in the project.

Prerequisites

  • Your cluster uses a default CNI network provider that supports NetworkPolicy objects, such as the OpenShift SDN network provider with mode: NetworkPolicy set. This mode is the default for OpenShift SDN.
  • You installed the OpenShift CLI (oc).
  • You must log in to the cluster with a user with cluster-admin privileges.
  • You must have created a custom default project template for new projects.

Procedure

  1. Edit the default template for a new project by running the following command:

    $ oc edit template <project_template> -n openshift-config

    Replace <project_template> with the name of the default template that you configured for your cluster. The default template name is project-request.

  2. In the template, add each NetworkPolicy object as an element to the objects parameter. The objects parameter accepts a collection of one or more objects.

    In the following example, the objects parameter collection includes several NetworkPolicy objects.

    objects:
    - apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      kind: NetworkPolicy
      metadata:
        name: allow-from-same-namespace
      spec:
        podSelector: {}
        ingress:
        - from:
          - podSelector: {}
    - apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      kind: NetworkPolicy
      metadata:
        name: allow-from-openshift-ingress
      spec:
        ingress:
        - from:
          - namespaceSelector:
              matchLabels:
                network.openshift.io/policy-group: ingress
        podSelector: {}
        policyTypes:
        - Ingress
    ...
  3. Optional: Create a new project to confirm that your network policy objects are created successfully by running the following commands:

    1. Create a new project:

      $ oc new-project <project> 1
      1
      Replace <project> with the name for the project you are creating.
    2. Confirm that the network policy objects in the new project template exist in the new project:

      $ oc get networkpolicy
      NAME                           POD-SELECTOR   AGE
      allow-from-openshift-ingress   <none>         7s
      allow-from-same-namespace      <none>         7s

11.8. Configuring multitenant isolation with network policy

As a cluster administrator, you can configure your network policies to provide multitenant network isolation.

Note

If you are using the OpenShift SDN cluster network provider, configuring network policies as described in this section provides network isolation similar to multitenant mode but with network policy mode set.

11.8.1. Configuring multitenant isolation by using network policy

You can configure your project to isolate it from pods and services in other project namespaces.

Prerequisites

  • Your cluster uses a cluster network provider that supports NetworkPolicy objects, such as the OVN-Kubernetes network provider or the OpenShift SDN network provider with mode: NetworkPolicy set. This mode is the default for OpenShift SDN.
  • You installed the OpenShift CLI (oc).
  • You are logged in to the cluster with a user with admin privileges.

Procedure

  1. Create the following NetworkPolicy objects:

    1. A policy named allow-from-openshift-ingress.

      $ cat << EOF| oc create -f -
      apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      kind: NetworkPolicy
      metadata:
        name: allow-from-openshift-ingress
      spec:
        ingress:
        - from:
          - namespaceSelector:
              matchLabels:
                policy-group.network.openshift.io/ingress: ""
        podSelector: {}
        policyTypes:
        - Ingress
      EOF
      Note

      policy-group.network.openshift.io/ingress: "" is the preferred namespace selector label for OpenShift SDN. You can use the network.openshift.io/policy-group: ingress namespace selector label, but this is a legacy label.

    2. A policy named allow-from-openshift-monitoring:

      $ cat << EOF| oc create -f -
      apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      kind: NetworkPolicy
      metadata:
        name: allow-from-openshift-monitoring
      spec:
        ingress:
        - from:
          - namespaceSelector:
              matchLabels:
                network.openshift.io/policy-group: monitoring
        podSelector: {}
        policyTypes:
        - Ingress
      EOF
    3. A policy named allow-same-namespace:

      $ cat << EOF| oc create -f -
      kind: NetworkPolicy
      apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
      metadata:
        name: allow-same-namespace
      spec:
        podSelector:
        ingress:
        - from:
          - podSelector: {}
      EOF
  2. Optional: To confirm that the network policies exist in your current project, enter the following command:

    $ oc describe networkpolicy

    Example output

    Name:         allow-from-openshift-ingress
    Namespace:    example1
    Created on:   2020-06-09 00:28:17 -0400 EDT
    Labels:       <none>
    Annotations:  <none>
    Spec:
      PodSelector:     <none> (Allowing the specific traffic to all pods in this namespace)
      Allowing ingress traffic:
        To Port: <any> (traffic allowed to all ports)
        From:
          NamespaceSelector: network.openshift.io/policy-group: ingress
      Not affecting egress traffic
      Policy Types: Ingress
    
    
    Name:         allow-from-openshift-monitoring
    Namespace:    example1
    Created on:   2020-06-09 00:29:57 -0400 EDT
    Labels:       <none>
    Annotations:  <none>
    Spec:
      PodSelector:     <none> (Allowing the specific traffic to all pods in this namespace)
      Allowing ingress traffic:
        To Port: <any> (traffic allowed to all ports)
        From:
          NamespaceSelector: network.openshift.io/policy-group: monitoring
      Not affecting egress traffic
      Policy Types: Ingress

11.8.2. Next steps

11.8.3. Additional resources