Chapter 11. Using bound service account tokens
You can use bound service account tokens, which improves the ability to integrate with cloud provider identity access management (IAM) services, such as AWS IAM.
11.1. About bound service account tokens
You can use bound service account tokens to limit the scope of permissions for a given service account token. These tokens are audience and time-bound. This facilitates the authentication of a service account to an IAM role and the generation of temporary credentials mounted to a pod. You can request bound service account tokens by using volume projection and the TokenRequest API.
Because the cluster installation process does not use them, bound service account tokens are configured post-installation.
11.2. Configuring bound service account tokens using volume projection
You can configure pods to request bound service account tokens by using volume projection.
You have access to the cluster as a user with the
You have created a service account. This procedure assumes that the service account is named
Optionally, set the service account issuer.
This step is typically not required if the bound tokens are used only within the cluster.
$ oc edit authentications cluster
spec.serviceAccountIssuerfield to the desired service account issuer value:
spec: serviceAccountIssuer: https://test.default.svc 1
- This value should be a URL from which the recipient of a bound token can source the public keys necessary to verify the signature of the token. The default is
Configure a pod to use a bound service account token by using volume projection.
Create a file called
pod-projected-svc-token.yamlwith the following contents:
apiVersion: v1 kind: Pod metadata: name: nginx spec: containers: - image: nginx name: nginx volumeMounts: - mountPath: /var/run/secrets/tokens name: vault-token serviceAccountName: build-robot 1 volumes: - name: vault-token projected: sources: - serviceAccountToken: path: vault-token 2 expirationSeconds: 7200 3 audience: vault 4
- A reference to an existing service account.
- The path relative to the mount point of the file to project the token into.
- Optionally set the expiration of the service account token, in seconds. The default is 3600 seconds (1 hour) and must be at least 600 seconds (10 minutes). The kubelet will start trying to rotate the token if the token is older than 80 percent of its time to live or if the token is older than 24 hours.
- Optionally set the intended audience of the token. The recipient of a token should verify that the recipient identity matches the audience claim of the token, and should otherwise reject the token. The audience defaults to the identifier of the API server.
Create the pod:
$ oc create -f pod-projected-svc-token.yaml
The kubelet requests and stores the token on behalf of the pod, makes the token available to the pod at a configurable file path, and refreshes the token as it approaches expiration.
The application that uses the bound token must handle reloading the token when it rotates.
The kubelet rotates the token if it is older than 80 percent of its time to live, or if the token is older than 24 hours.