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Chapter 3. Expanding persistent volumes
3.1. Enabling volume expansion support
Before you can expand persistent volumes, the StorageClass must have the
allowVolumeExpansion field set to
Edit the StorageClass and add the
allowVolumeExpansionattribute. The following example demonstrates adding this line at the bottom of the StorageClass’s configuration.
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1 kind: StorageClass ... parameters: type: gp2 reclaimPolicy: Delete allowVolumeExpansion: true 1
- Setting this attribute to
trueallows PVCs to be expanded after creation.
3.2. Expanding Persistent Volume Claims (PVC) with a file system
Expanding PVCs based on volume types that need file system resizing, such as GCE PD, EBS, and Cinder, is a two-step process. This process involves expanding volume objects in the cloud provider, and then expanding the file system on the actual node.
Expanding the file system on the node only happens when a new pod is started with the volume.
The controlling StorageClass must have
Edit the PVC and request a new size by editing
spec.resources.requests. For example, the following expands the
ebsPVC to 8 Gi.
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim apiVersion: v1 metadata: name: ebs spec: storageClass: "storageClassWithFlagSet" accessModes: - ReadWriteOnce resources: requests: storage: 8Gi 1
spec.resources.requeststo a larger amount will expand the PVC.
Once the cloud provider object has finished resizing, the PVC is set to
FileSystemResizePending. The following command is used to check the condition:
$ oc describe pvc <pvc_name>
When the cloud provider object has finished resizing, the persistent volume object reflects the newly requested size in
PersistentVolume.Spec.Capacity. At this point, you can create or recreate a new pod from the PVC to finish the file system resizing. Once the pod is running, the newly requested size is available and the
FileSystemResizePendingcondition is removed from the PVC.
3.3. Recovering from Failure when Expanding Volumes
If expanding underlying storage fails, the OpenShift Container Platform administrator can manually recover the Persistent Volume Claim (PVC) state and cancel the resize requests. Otherwise, the resize requests are continuously retried by the controller without administrator intervention.
Mark the persistent volume (PV) that is bound to the PVC with the
Retainreclaim policy. This can be done by editing the PV and changing
- Delete the PVC. This will be recreated later.
To ensure that the newly created PVC can bind to the PV marked
Retain, manually edit the PV and delete the
claimRefentry from the PV specs. This marks the PV as
- Re-create the PVC in a smaller size, or a size that can be allocated by the underlying storage provider.
volumeNamefield of the PVC to the name of the PV. This binds the PVC to the provisioned PV only.
- Restore the reclaim policy on the PV.