20.2.2. Configuring Netty TCP
Netty TCP is a simple unencrypted TCP sockets based transport. Netty TCP can be configured to use old blocking Java IO or non blocking Java NIO. Java NIO is recommended on the server side for better scalability with many concurrent connections. If the number of concurrent connections is less Java old IO can give better latency than NIO.
Netty TCP is not recommended for running connections across an untrusted network as it is unencrypted. With the Netty TCP transport all connections are initiated from the client side.
The example configuration also shows how the JBoss EAP 6 implementation of HornetQ uses socket bindings in the acceptor and connector configuration. This differs from the standalone version of HornetQ, which requires you to declare the specific hosts and ports.
Example 20.1. Example of Netty TCP Configuration from Default EAP Configuration
<connectors> <netty-connector name="netty" socket-binding="messaging"/> <netty-connector name="netty-throughput" socket-binding="messaging-throughput"> <param key="batch-delay" value="50"/> </netty-connector> <in-vm-connector name="in-vm" server-id="0"/> </connectors> <acceptors> <netty-acceptor name="netty" socket-binding="messaging"/> <netty-acceptor name="netty-throughput" socket-binding="messaging-throughput"> <param key="batch-delay" value="50"/> <param key="direct-deliver" value="false"/> </netty-acceptor> <in-vm-acceptor name="in-vm" server-id="0"/> </acceptors>
The following table describes Netty TCP configuration properties:
Table 20.1. Netty TCP Configuration Properties
|batch-delay||0 milliseconds||Before writing packets to the transport, HornetQ can be configured to batch up writes for a maximum of batch-delay milliseconds. This increases the overall throughput for very small messages by increasing average latency for message transfer|
|direct-deliver||true||When a message arrives on the server and is delivered to waiting consumers, by default, the delivery is done on the same thread on which the message arrived. This gives good latency in environments with relatively small messages and a small number of consumers but reduces the throughput and latency. For highest throughput you can set this property as "false"|
|local-address||[local address available]||For a netty connector, this is used to specify the local address which the client will use when connecting to the remote address. If a local address is not specified then the connector will use any available local address|
|local-port||0||For a netty connector, this is used to specify which local port the client will use when connecting to the remote address. If the local-port default is used (0) then the connector will let the system pick up an ephemeral port. valid ports are 0 to 65535|
|nio-remoting-threads||-1||If configured to use NIO, HornetQ will, by default, use a number of threads equal to three times the number of cores (or hyper-threads) as reported by Runtime.getRuntime().availableProcessors() for processing incoming packets. To override this value, you can set a custom value for the number of threads|
|tcp-no-delay||true||If this is true then Nagle's algorithm will be enabled. This algorithm helps improve the efficiency of TCP/IP networks by reducing the number of packets sent over a network|
|tcp-send-buffer-size||32768 bytes||This parameter determines the size of the TCP send buffer in bytes|
|tcp-receive-buffer-size||32768 bytes||This parameter determines the size of the TCP receive buffer in bytes|
|use-nio||false||If this is true then Java non blocking NIO will be used. If set to false then old blocking Java IO will be used.If you need the server to handle many concurrent connections use non blocking Java NIO otherwise go for old (blocking) IO|
Netty TCP properties are valid for all types of transport (Netty SSL, Netty HTTP and Netty Servlet).