5.3. Message Driven Beans

Message driven beans are specialized EJB3 beans that receive service requests via JMS messages instead of proxy method calls from the "stub". So, a crucial configuration parameter for the message driven bean is to specify which JMS message queue its listens to. When there is an incoming message in the queue, the server invokes the beans's onMessage() method, and passes in the message itself for processing. The bean class specifies the JMS queue it listens to in the @MessageDriven annotation. The queue is registered under the local JNDI java:comp/env/ name space.

@MessageDriven(activationConfig =
{
  @ActivationConfigProperty(propertyName="destinationType",
    propertyValue="javax.jms.Queue"),
  @ActivationConfigProperty(propertyName="destination",
    propertyValue="queue/MyQueue")
})
public class MyJmsBean implements MessageListener {

  public void onMessage (Message msg) {
    // ... do something with the msg ...
  }

  // ... ...
}

When a message driven bean is deployed, its incoming message queue is automatically created if it does not exist already. To send a message to the bean, you can use the standard JMS API.

try {
    InitialContext ctx = new InitialContext();
    queue = (Queue) ctx.lookup("queue/MyQueue");
    QueueConnectionFactory factory =
        (QueueConnectionFactory) ctx.lookup("ConnectionFactory");
    cnn = factory.createQueueConnection();
    sess = cnn.createQueueSession(false,
            QueueSession.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);

} catch (Exception e) {
    e.printStackTrace ();
}
  
TextMessage msg = sess.createTextMessage(...);

sender = sess.createSender(queue);
sender.send(msg);

Please refer to the JMS specification or books to learn how to program in the JMS API.