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6.5. Transaction Rollback

JBoss EAP supports the aggregation of operations into transactions, which can be applied and rolled back consistently.
A transaction is a unit of work containing one or more operations involving one or more shared resources having ACID properties. ACID is an acronym for atomicity, consistency, isolation and durability - the four important properties of transactions.
Atomicity
A transaction must be atomic. This means that either all the work done in the transaction must be performed, or none of it must be performed. Doing only part of a transaction is not allowed.
Consistency
When a transaction is completed, the system must be in a stable and consistent condition.
Isolation
Different transactions must be isolated from each other. This means that the partial work done in one transaction is not visible to other transactions until the transaction is committed, and that each process in a multi-user system can be programmed as if it was the only process accessing the system.
Durability
The changes made during a transaction are made persistent when it is committed. When a transaction is committed, its changes will not be lost, even if the server crashes afterward.
The default transaction manager for JBoss EAP is JBoss Transactions, a fast in-VM transaction manager implementation.
Traditionally ACID transaction systems have shared three characteristics:
  1. Transactions are short lived
  2. Resources (such as databases) are locked for the duration of the transaction
  3. Participants have a high degree of trust with each other.
The advent of the Internet and Web services has given rise to distributed transactions between participants unknown to each other. JBoss Transactions adds native support for Web services transactions by providing the components necessary to build interoperable, reliable, multi-party, Web services-based applications with minimum effort. The programming interfaces are based on the Java API for XML Transactions (JAXTX) and include protocol support for the WS-AtomicTransaction and WS-BusinessActivity specifications. JBoss is designed to support multiple coordination protocols.
JBoss supports both local and distributed transactions. A transaction is considered to be distributed if it spans multiple process instances, i.e. virtual machines (VMs). Typically a distributed transaction will contain participant that are located within multiple VMs but the transaction is coordinated in a separate VM (or co-located with one of the participants). If the deployment requires distributed transactions then the Web Services transactions component can be utilized, which uses SOAP/HTTP.