Chapter 11. Managing Geo-replication

Geo-replication provides a continuous, asynchronous, and incremental replication service from one site to another over Local Area Networks (LANs), Wide Area Network (WANs), and across the Internet.
Geo-replication uses a master–slave model, whereby replication and mirroring occurs between the following partners:
  • Master – a Red Hat Storage volume
  • Slave – a slave which can be of the following types:
    • A local directory which can be represented as file URL like file:///path/to/dir. You can use shortened form, for example, /path/to/dir.
    • A Red Hat Storage Volume - Slave volume can be either a local volume like gluster://localhost:volname (shortened form - :volname) or a volume served by different host like gluster://host:volname (shortened form - host:volname).


    Both of the above types can be accessed remotely using an SSH tunnel. To use SSH, add an SSH prefix to either a file URL or glusterFS type URL. For example, ssh://root@remote-host:/path/to/dir (shortened form - root@remote-host:/path/to/dir) or ssh://root@remote-host:gluster://localhost:volname (shortened from - root@remote-host::volname).
This section introduces Geo-replication, illustrates the various deployment scenarios, and explains how to configure the system to provide replication and mirroring in your environment.

11.1. Replicated Volumes vs Geo-replication

The following table lists the difference between replicated volumes and geo-replication:
Replicated Volumes Geo-replication
Mirrors data across bricks within one trusted storage pool Mirrors data across geographically distributed trusted storage pools
Provides high-availability Ensures backing up of data for disaster recovery
Synchronous replication (each and every file operation is sent across all the bricks) Asynchronous replication (checks for the changes in files periodically and syncs them on detecting differences)