8.4.4. Generating Reports and Guides

Another useful features of oscap is the ability to generate SCAP content in a human-readable format. The oscap utility allows you to transform an XML file into the HTML or plain-text format. This feature is used to generate security guides and checklists, which serve as a source of information, as well as guidance for secure system configuration. The results of system scans can also be transformed to well-readable result reports. The general command syntax is the following:
oscap module generate sub-module [specific_module/sub-module_options_and_arguments] file
where module is either xccdf or oval, sub-module is a type of the generated document, and file represents an XCCDF or OVAL file.
The following are the most common examples of the command usage:

Example 8.9. Generating a Guide with a Checklist

To produce an SSG guide with a checklist for the xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_profile_rht-ccp profile, run the following command:
~]$ oscap xccdf generate guide --profile xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_profile_rht-ccp /usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-rhel6-ds.xml > ssg-guide-checklist.html
The guide will be stored as the ssg-guide-checklist.html file in the current directory.

Example 8.10. Transforming an SSG OVAL Scan Result into a Report

To transform a result of an SSG OVAL scan into a HTML file, run the following command:
~]$ oscap oval generate report scan-oval-results.xml > ssg-scan-oval-report.html
The result report will be stored as the ssg-scan-oval-report.html file in the current directory. This example assumes that you run the command from the same location where the scan-oval-results.xml file is stored. Otherwise you need to specify the fully-qualified path of the file that contains the scan results.

Example 8.11. Transforming an SSG XCCDF Scan Result into a Report

To transform a result of an SSG XCCDF scan into a HTML file, run the following command:
~]$ oscap xccdf generate report scan-xccdf-results.xml > scan-xccdf-report.html
The result report will be stored as the ssg-scan-xccdf-report.html file in the current directory. Alternatively, you can generate this report in the time of the scan using the --report command-line argument:
~]$ oscap xccdf eval --profile xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_profile_rht-ccp --resultsscan-xccdf-results.xml --report scan-xccdf-report.html /usr/share/xml/scap/ssg/content/ssg-rhel6-ds.xml