12.2.3. Using the chkconfig Utility

The chkconfig utility is a command-line tool that allows you to specify in which runlevel to start a selected service, as well as to list all available services along with their current setting. Note that with the exception of listing, you must have superuser privileges to use this command.

12.2.3.1. Listing the Services

To display a list of system services (services from the /etc/rc.d/init.d/ directory, as well as the services controlled by xinetd), either type chkconfig --list, or use chkconfig with no additional arguments. You will be presented with an output similar to the following:
~]# chkconfig --list
NetworkManager  0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off
abrtd           0:off   1:off   2:off   3:on    4:off   5:on    6:off
acpid           0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off
anamon          0:off   1:off   2:off   3:off   4:off   5:off   6:off
atd             0:off   1:off   2:off   3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off
auditd          0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off
avahi-daemon    0:off   1:off   2:off   3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off
... several lines omitted ...
wpa_supplicant  0:off   1:off   2:off   3:off   4:off   5:off   6:off

xinetd based services:
        chargen-dgram:  off
        chargen-stream: off
        cvs:            off
        daytime-dgram:  off
        daytime-stream: off
        discard-dgram:  off
... several lines omitted ...
        time-stream:    off
Each line consists of the name of the service followed by its status (on or off) for each of the seven numbered runlevels. For example, in the listing above, NetworkManager is enabled in runlevel 2, 3, 4, and 5, while abrtd runs in runlevel 3 and 5. The xinetd based services are listed at the end, being either on, or off.
To display the current settings for a selected service only, use chkconfig --list followed by the name of the service:
chkconfig --list service_name
For example, to display the current settings for the sshd service, type:
~]# chkconfig --list sshd
sshd            0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off
You can also use this command to display the status of a service that is managed by xinetd. In that case, the output will only contain the information whether the service is enabled or disabled:
~]# chkconfig --list rsync
rsync           off