4.2.2. Subordination to a Certificate System CA

The Certificate System CA can function as a root CA, meaning that the server signs its own CA signing certificate as well as other CA signing certificates, creating an organization-specific CA hierarchy. The server can alternatively be configured as a subordinate CA, meaning the server's CA signing key is signed by another CA in an existing CA hierarchy.
Setting up a Certificate System CA as the root CA means that the Certificate System administrator has control over all subordinate CAs by setting policies that control the contents of the CA signing certificates issued. A subordinate CA issues certificates by evaluating its own authentication and certificate profile configuration, without regard for the root CA's configuration.