11.8.4. Accessing a Database Cartridge

The integrity of a database is verified by connecting to an application using SSH and running the shell for the database cartridge. A successful connection to the database shell indicates that the database has been created correctly.
The shell for each database also offers a selection of management commands. See the appropriate database documentation for more information on the available database shell commands.


Although accessing applications with the shell environment provides advanced operations, accidental damage to your application can occur. Therefore, Red Hat recommends to use shell access only when necessary.

Procedure 11.3. To Manage a Database in a Shell Environment:

  1. Access the desired application in a shell environment with the following command:
    $ rhc ssh App_Name
  2. From the application's shell environment prompt, run the appropriate command for the database to access the interactive database shell:
    • Run the mysql command to access the MySQL shell.
    • Run the psql command to access the PostgreSQL shell.
    • Run the mongo command to access the MongoDB shell.

    Example 11.12. Accessing a MySQL Shell

    [racer-automobile.example.com 515e21acdbd93c051d000022]\> mysql
    Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
    Your MySQL connection id is 1
    Server version: 5.1.71 Source distribution
    Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
    Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
    affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
    Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.


Since OpenShift Online does not allow editing MySQL server configuration, it may be necessary to specify certain settings in the client connection string. For example, the default character set is Latin-1. If you would like to use UTF-8 instead, set the character set and collation as parameters on the connection string. For example, in a Java EE application, the URL would be specified in persistence.xml like: